Canada

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The Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (the “Canada-EU CETA”) creates opportunities for Canadian manufacturers and exporters to sell into the European markets. On the date of provisional implementation, 98% of Canadian-origin goods will be able to enter European Union Members tariff free, compared to just 25 per cent today.  We have prepared

Canada

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It is expected that the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Trade and Economic Agreement (“Canada-EU CETA”) will come into provisional effect soon (maybe as soon as April 1, 2017 or May 1, 2017 – not yet known). Canadian importers should start to consider what goods may enter Canada duty free when the Canada-EU CETA green light

globe and calculatorOn July 4, 2016, Canada’s Trade Minister Freeland announced that Canada implemented the World Trade Organization (WTO) expanded Information Technology Agreement (ITA). Pursuant to the expanded ITA, signatories agreed to eliminate tariffs on 201 information and communication technology (ICT) and related products.

As of July 1, 2016, Canada permanently eliminated customs tariffs on many of

Globe with financial papersOn April 22, 2016, the Federal Government of Canada (in particular, the Department of Finance) launched public consultations on the elimination of unrecoverable customs duties (MFN rate) payable on imported manufacturing ingredients by manufacturers in the agri-food sector.  The consultation were first announced in the 2016 Federal Budget. The submissions are due on or before June 21, 2016.

What this means is that Canadian manufacturers (including foreign companies with a manufacturing operation in Canada) may make written submissions to the Department of Finance to request the elimination of customs duties (MFN rate) on imported food manufacturing inputs. Customs duties are an unrecoverable cost of the manufacturer. The elimination of the duties will reduce the cost of production and cause the manufacturer to be more competitive in Canada and in international markets.  In addition, food costs for Canadian consumers of processed food products will be reduced as the manufacturer can charge less for the processed foods (if made with some imported food ingredients).

The Government of Canada proposed to reduce to “Free” the MFN rates of customs duty of tariff items listed in Table 1 (which also appears after the page break in this blog post). Some of the food inputs listed in Table 1 include certain edible vegetables, roots and tubulars; certain edible fruits and nuts; certain spices; certain cereals and grains; certain products used in the milling industry; certain flours, malts, starches and wheat gluten; certain flours milled from seeds; certain animal or vegetable fats and oils; etc.

However, the Department of Finance would like input from the food processors who import these goods before they will make the decision to eliminate the duties.

In addition, the Department of Finance will also accept views on other tariff items that could be considered in the context of possible further tariff elimination initiatives designed to assist Canadian industry. For example, corn is not listed in Table 1 and is imported into Canada for further manufacturing in the agri-food sector (e.g., into corn syrup).

The submissions must include, at a minimum, the following information:

  1. Canadian company/industry association name, address, telephone number, and contact person.
  2. Relevant eight-digit tariff item(s) and description of the goods of particular interest.
  3. Reasons for the expressed support for, or concern with, the proposed tariff elimination, including detailed information substantiating any expected beneficial or adverse impact.
  4. If concern is expressed with respect to the proposed tariff elimination for one or more eight-digit tariff item(s), please provide views on ways to alleviate such concerns (e.g. limiting tariff elimination to certain end uses, gradual tariff elimination over a longer time period).
  5. Please identify if information provided in the submissions is commercially sensitive.

If submissions are prepared for an item not listed in Table 1, the submissions should demonstrate the benefit to Canada for the elimination. Any company that will increase Canadian jobs by hiring more workers or building another plant should consider make those benefits known in the submissions.

If the submissions are accepted and the tariffs are eliminated on the food processing inputs, the Canada Border Services Agency will no longer collect unrecoverable customs duties in respect of the goods. Any applicable goods and services tax (“GST”) would still be payable, but would be recoverable if the manufactured goods are taxable or zero-rated.

We would be pleased to assist Canadian manufacturers or foreign manufacturers with Canadian food processing operations 9existing or proposed) to prepare their submissions.  This is an opportunity that has a small window and long term benefits.

Continue Reading Canadian Manufacturers in the Agri-Food Sector Have an Opportunity to Eliminate Customs Duties

4378694036_b58f5081de_bToday, the Canadian Government tabled the 2016 Budget.  Hidden in the middle of the long document is the following statement about tariff reductions:

“Supporting Manufacturers Through Tariff Relief

Canadian manufacturers need a wide range of inputs to produce their high-quality products. Some of these manufacturing inputs are imported and may face tariffs when entering