Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: Border Security

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The Canada Border Services Agency demands to be told of your prescriptions

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, NEXUS, Personal Comments

Are Canadians, residents of Canada and visitors to Canada required to report prescription medications to the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”)? The answer appears to be “YES”. The CBSA takes the position that you must declare all legally prescribed medications to them upon your return to or entry into Canada.  I am not kidding.  I… Continue Reading

Where Do Your Goods Originate?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, origin, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in April 2018 The brewing trade war between the U.S. and China serves as a reminder to international traders that knowing where your goods are made and being able to prove it are two very different issues.  At a time when it remains common place for U.S. Customs… Continue Reading

China Retaliates

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments

China suspended concessions  on certain U.S. goods effective April 2, 2018 See here for a list of the impacted products – 9927131 The WTO is circulating a communication from China which also lists the products against which retaliation has been taken – see China 232 Product List for more details  

Steel/Aluminum Tariffs Exemptions Clarified

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

In off the record comments on March 28, 2018, an official of the Dept. of Commerce provided some clarification as to how the product exemption process will work. Of course, the starting point is if your product is subject to the steel or aluminum tariffs and is not from an exempted country, the 25% or… Continue Reading

Trade Trifecta!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

Since the original publication of this Alert, South Korea and the U.S. have concluded their negotiations regarding the Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement, and, as a result, South Korea has been permanently excluded from the steel and aluminum tariffs. ————— Some events rather significant to international traders occurred in the last few days. First, on Friday,… Continue Reading

New Tariffs : Definition and Exclusion

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

When President Trump announced the 25% steel and 10% aluminum tariffs on March 8, 2018, he instructed the  Secretary of Commerce to issue regulations explaining how American companies could seek exclusions from those tariffs no later than March 19, 2018, and that deadline has been met.  These new regulations can be found at:  https://www.commerce.gov/sites/commerce.gov/files/federal_register_vol_83_no_53_monday_march_19_2018_12106-12112.pdf Before… Continue Reading

Knock, Knock: The Tariffs Are Coming! The Tariffs Are Coming!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, Politics, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in March 2018 As has been widely reported, on March 8, 2018, President Trump signed one Presidential Proclamations imposing a 25% additional tariff on defined steel products, and a second one imposing an additional 10% tariff on defined aluminum products.  The only countries exempted from the outset are… Continue Reading

Steel/Aluminum Safeguard Tariffs HTS Update Published

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements

The ABI programming for the new Harmonized Tariff System (HTS) classifications implementing the steel and aluminum safeguard tariffs was released earlier today by CBP. The HTS numbers added are: 9903.80.01        STEEL PROD, NOTE 19, EX CA/M        25% 9903.85.01        ALUMINUM PROD, NOTE 19, EX CA/M    10% with respect to goods entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for… Continue Reading

The new Trump tariffs – the tip of the trade iceberg

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Our good friend and Australian lawyer – Andrew Hudson – has published an article about the U.S. steel and aluminum tariffs with an interesting take based on current events in Australia. Andrew’s article can be found on the Rigby Cooke website at http://www.rigbycooke.com.au/latest/new-trump-tariffs-tip-of-trade-iceberg. It has also been published in the DCN at http://www.thedcn.com.au/the-new-trump-tariffs-the-tip-of-the-trade-iceberg/ (subscription required)…. Continue Reading

Here Come Those New Steel and Aluminum Tariffs!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Politics, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

Earlier today, March 8, 2018, President Trump signed two Presidential Proclamations, one dealing with additional tariffs on steel and the other with additional tariffs on aluminum. As has been widely reported in the general press, those rates are 25% on steel and 10% on aluminum. The only countries exempted are Canada and Mexico. Steel articles… Continue Reading

Steel & Aluminum: Tough Tariffs, Tough Road Ahead?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Legal Developments, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

Earlier today, President Trump announced his intention to adopt the recommendations of the Dept. of Commerce and impose tariffs on imports of steel and aluminum. The formal signing is said to be taking place “next week”.  President Trump has stated those tariffs will be 25% on foreign-made steel and 10% on foreign-made aluminum. Hopefully when… Continue Reading

BEWARE OF THE WHISTLEBLOWER!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Excise Duty, Excise Tax, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government, Uncategorized

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in February 2018 Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) and other federal enforcement agencies seizing goods or imposing penalties is not unexpected. However, there are other consequences triggered by the actions of private actors which present equal danger to importers. In particular,  there is the False Claims Act (“FCA”),… Continue Reading

Border Searches of Electronic Devices

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Earlier this month, MSK attorneys David Rugendorf and Frida Glucoft published an Alert summarizing the latest directive issued by Customs and Border Protection (CBP) regarding the search of electronic devices.  A copy of their original article can be found here –  Hold That Call International Travelers.  Given the  increasing likelihood of any traveler’s electronic devices… Continue Reading

How will the U.S. Government shutdown affect Canadians?

Posted in Agriculture, Border Security, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, NAFTA, NEXUS, U.S. Federal Government

The U.S. federal government was shut down at midnight this morning after a funding bill did not get 60 votes in the United States Senate. While the politicians work to find a solution before Monday, Canadians are reminded that the last U.S. federal government shut down lasted 16 days and a previous shutdown lasted 27… Continue Reading

Should Canada add a books and records provision to export controls and economic sanctions laws?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Cryptocurrencies, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption

Countries, such as North Korea, Iran and Russia, may attempt to hide activities by using cryptocurrencies (such as Bitcoin). While the underlying activity of selling controlled goods or dealing with designated persons is illegal (under Canadian export laws) without an export permit/ministerial authorization, a secondary issue is enforcement.  Enforcement tools directed at “following the money”… Continue Reading

Give Him His Money Back: Canadian Court Recognizes Exception to Currency Reporting Obligation

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

On December 28, 2017, Canada’s Federal Court of Appeal (“FCA”) issued a significant decision relating to the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act.  In Williams v. The Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, 2017 FCA 252, Justice Stratas (a very good justice who writes well explained decisions) held that currency seized… Continue Reading

Are You Asking The Right Questions When You Travel With Electronic Devices?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel

  Technology is wonderful. Laptop computers are getting lighter.  Storage capacity on laptop computers, smart phones, USB keys and other electronic devices are up in the terabytes.   You can travel with your electronic devices and no one will know you are not in the office. What this means is that we can travel with vast… Continue Reading

Tips for Traveling with Electronic Devices

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Constitutional Law, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Cybersecurity and Privacy, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Legal Developments, Transportation

In the September 18, 2017 Federal Register notice (see 82 FR 43556) , U.S. Citizenship and Immigration made clear it will now routinely require those applying to enter the U.S. to provide social media handles. As such, the obvious starting point for these tips must be a reminder that Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) officers… Continue Reading

Walking the North Korean Tightrope

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Transportation

On September 21, 2017, President Trump issued an Executive Order (yet to be numbered) (“EO”) imposing additional sanctions on North Korea. It took affect the next day. The general press has quoted Treasury Secretary Mnuchin as stating: “Foreign financial institutions are now on notice that going forward they can choose to do business with the… Continue Reading

CBP : Old Issues / New Tricks!

Posted in Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, origin, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in September 2017. As the scoundrels of the world are ever more creative with their attempts to circumvent the law, Customs and Border Protection (CBP) responds by implementing new tools.  One new tool is worth considering and one existing tool is worth revisiting. The new enforcement tool is… Continue Reading

What Should Canadian Companies Due Between NAFTA Modernization Rounds?

Posted in Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Government Procurement, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, International Arbitrations, NAFTA, NAFTA Chapter 11, NAFTA Renegotiations, Politics, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

In the week of August 16, 2017, Canada’s NAFTA modernization team met in Washington D.C. with the United States Trade Representative’s NAFTA renegotiation team and Mexico’s NAFTA modernization team. At the end of the meeting, they issued a Trilateral Statement on the Conclusion of NAFTA Round One and indicated that Round Two will be held in… Continue Reading

The Canada Border Services Agency Has Authority To Seize Hate Propaganda

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, tariff classification

The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) is the gatekeeper and hate propaganda is a prohibited importation under item 9899.00.00.00 of the Customs Tariff (Canada).  Don’t bring hate propaganda to Canada and do not send hate propaganda to Canada and don’t attempt to import hate propaganda into Canada – unless you would like the CBSA to… Continue Reading

Can the CBSA Search My Electronic Devices?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law

We are often contacted by travelers after they have been selected (random or mandatory) for a secondary examination by the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) upon arrival at the Canadian border. Usually, the traveler had something on a laptop computer or smart phone that they did not want the CBSA to see or use against them… Continue Reading