Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: NEXUS

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The Canada Border Services Agency demands to be told of your prescriptions

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, NEXUS, Personal Comments

Are Canadians, residents of Canada and visitors to Canada required to report prescription medications to the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”)? The answer appears to be “YES”. The CBSA takes the position that you must declare all legally prescribed medications to them upon your return to or entry into Canada.  I am not kidding.  I… Continue Reading

Federal Court of Appeal Finds NEXUS Pass Confiscation Not Justified

Posted in Legal Developments, NEXUS

On February 8, 2018, the Federal Court of Canada released its decision in Gunwani Sodhi v. The Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, 2018 FC 145 in which Justice Campbell found that the confiscation of Mr. Sodhi’s NEXUS membership by the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) lacked justification. This is the first Canadian judicial… Continue Reading

How will the U.S. Government shutdown affect Canadians?

Posted in Agriculture, Border Security, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, NAFTA, NEXUS, U.S. Federal Government

The U.S. federal government was shut down at midnight this morning after a funding bill did not get 60 votes in the United States Senate. While the politicians work to find a solution before Monday, Canadians are reminded that the last U.S. federal government shut down lasted 16 days and a previous shutdown lasted 27… Continue Reading

Trump’s New Travel Restrictions May Affect Canadian NEXUS Cardholders From Travel Ban Countries

Posted in Immigration law, NEXUS, U.S. Federal Government

On September 24, 2017, President Trump issued “Presidential Proclamation Enhancing Vetting Capabilities and Processes for Detecting Attempted Entry Into the United States by Terrorists or Other Public-Safety Threats” (the Presidential Proclamation”) which should make Canadian dual-nationals and Canadian permanent residents from Venezuela, Chad (and North Korea, if any) with NEXUS cards nervous. Venezuela, Chad and North Korea are… Continue Reading

Gamblers Are Often Stopped By The CBSA Who Ask Questions If Winnings Are Proceeds Of Crime

Posted in NEXUS, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

If you are a Canadian citizen or Canadian resident and have been lucky in Las Vegas, Atlantic City, Paradise Island, Macau or other gambling destinations, be prepared to be asked questions by the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) when you return to Canada with your winnings. The CBSA sees a large amount of money and… Continue Reading

August Civic Holiday: Survival Guide For Canada-US Cross Border Travel

Posted in Agriculture, Border Security, Customs Law, GST/HST, Immigration law, NEXUS, Personal Comments, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

The August Civic Holiday long week-end will be here soon.  Canadians travel outside Canada to visit friends and family and to shop.  The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) is on the lookout for contraventions of the Customs Act and other border laws. Here is our survival guide to make sure the CBSA is happy with your declaration and… Continue Reading

Do Not Pass GO: Forgetting Your Receipts Gets You A Ticket To CBSA Secondary Inspection

Posted in Customs Law, NEXUS, valuation

We help a lot of Canadian citizens and Canadian residents who get their NEXUS Cards revoked, confiscated or cancelled by the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”).  One issue that comes up time and time again is under-declaration because the traveler did not have all of their receipts printed and organized for primary inspection. While there… Continue Reading

Here We Do Not Go Again!: After The New Travel Restrictions Reinstated, The United States Has Cancelled Canadians’ NEXUS Cards

Posted in NEXUS

Coincident (coincidence or not?) with the U.S. travel restrictions (better known as a travel ban) on individuals from Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen, the United States Customs and Border Protection have arbitrarily cancelled NEXUS Memberships of at least two Canadian citizens (dual citizens).  The reason provided was that the individual no longer meets… Continue Reading

Trump Travel Restrictions: What Canadians And Canadian Residents And NEXUS Card Holders Need To Know

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Immigration law, Law Schools, NEXUS, Politics, U.S. Federal Government

On June 26, 2017, the United States Supreme Court unanimously overturned lower court decisions that delayed the implementation of President Trump’s Executive Order implementing travel restrictions against persons from 6 countries (Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Yemen). A limited version of President Donald Trump’s travel restrictions will go into effect Thursday morning (June 29).  The… Continue Reading

Canada Day: Survival Guide For Canada-US Cross Border Travel

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, NEXUS, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

The Canada Day long week-end will be here soon.  Canadians travel outside Canada to visit friends and family and to shop.  The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) is on the lookout for contraventions of the Customs Act and other border laws. Here is our survival guide to make sure the CBSA is happy with your declaration… Continue Reading

How Can I Get My NEXUS Card Back When It is Cancelled/Confiscated By The CBSA?

Posted in Agriculture, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Currency Reporting, Customs Law, NEXUS

The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) may confiscate, revoke or cancel a NEXUS Membership for a number of reasons, such as (1) a breach of a customs law (e.g., undervaluation or not declaring goods purchased or acquired outside Canada), (2) a breach of an immigration law (e.g., working in Canada without a proper visa), (3)… Continue Reading

Thickening of the Border – What Is Canada’s Concern?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Exports, Harmonization, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, NEXUS, Politics, U.S. Supreme Court

The phrase “thickening of the border” equates with increased regulations and costs, which result in difficulties or slow-downs at the border such that goods and people move at the pace of molasses. Border wait times increase as new border charges are paid and shipments are inspected and border officers assess risks.  Any thickening of the… Continue Reading

NEXUS Application Form: Does It Allow For Extreme Vetting?

Posted in Border Security, NEXUS

When a Canadian citizen, Canadian permanent resident, U.S. citizen or U.S. permanent resident completes a NEXUS Program application form, the application is vetted by both the United States government and the Canadian government. The United States Department of Homeland Security (U.S Customs and Border Protection) (“USCBP”) vets the NEXUS application and the Canada Border Services… Continue Reading

U.S. Cancelling NEXUS Cards Of Canadian Dual-Nationals

Posted in Border Security, NEXUS, U.S. Federal Government

We have heard a number of reports that the United States Department of Homeland Security is notifying Canadian NEXUS Card holders with dual nationality from certain countries (Iran, Iraq, Libya, Syria, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen) that their NEXUS Membership has been cancelled because they “no longer meet eligibility criteria”.  There may be other nationalities as… Continue Reading

NEXUS Card Holders From 7 Entry Ban Countries Could Lose Status If Travel To USA

Posted in NEXUS

President Donald Trump signed an Executive Order on January 27, 2017 placing a 90 day ban on entry into the United States of individuals from 7 countries – Iran, Iraq, Libya, Syria, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen.  This could pose a problem for individuals in Canada who have previously been approved for the NEXUS trusted traveler program…. Continue Reading

SME Importing and Exporting Toolkits Posted on the CBSA Website

Posted in AMPs, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, GST/HST, Imports Restrictions, NAFTA, NEXUS, origin, tariff classification, valuation

On August 22, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) posted on its website toolkits for small to medium sized enterprises.  The toolkits cover (1) importing, (2) exporting, (3) other CBSA resources, (4) other governmental resources and (5) contact information.  However, the CBSA did not include the posting of the toolkits in its “Latest News”… Continue Reading

How To File A Complaint Against The Canada Border Services Agency

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, NEXUS

In writing this blog post, we are not advocating filing baseless, frivolous, vexatious and retaliatory complaints against Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) officers. However, we have learned from the experience of our clients that some legitimate complaints arise from time-to-time.  It is in the spirit of transparency and openness that we have decided to write… Continue Reading

What Is A “Customs Controlled Area”?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Currency Reporting, Customs Law, Exports, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, NEXUS, origin, Personal Comments, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering, tariff classification, valuation

On April 27, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) released Guide BS5156 “What you need to know about Customs Controlled Areas”. In this one page document, the CBSA informs the public that a “customs controlled area” is: “A designated area where there is a likelihood that domestic employees or domestic origin travellers leaving Canada will come… Continue Reading

Canada Border Services Agency Revised Code of Conduct Is Published Online

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Currency Reporting, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, NEXUS, Personal Comments, Politics, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

On August 16, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) posted its revised Code of Conduct, to which all CBSA officers must adhere. The three “values” pillars of the CBSA Code of Conduct are (1) Respect, (2) Integrity and (3) Professionalism. Respect The CBSA makes the following statements in the Code of Conduct regarding “Respect”: Respect… Continue Reading

What Can I Do If My NEXUS Card Is Confiscated By The CBSA?

Posted in Border Security, Customs Law, Immigration law, NEXUS

  The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) may confiscate, revoke or cancel a NEXUS Membership for a number of reasons, such as (1) a breach of a customs law (e.g., undervaluation or not declaring goods purchased or acquired outside Canada), (2) a breach of an immigration law (e.g., working in Canada without a proper visa),… Continue Reading

Labour Day Long Week-End: Survival Guide For Canada-US Cross Border Travel

Posted in Border Security, Customs Law, NEXUS, valuation

The Labour Day long week-end is upon us.  Canadians travel outside Canada to visit friends and family and to shop.  The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) is on the lookout for contraventions of the Customs Act and other border laws. Here is our survival guide to make sure the CBSA is happy with your declaration… Continue Reading

When Are You Not Permitted To Use The NEXUS Lane?

Posted in Border Security, Currency Reporting, NEXUS

On July 19, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) issued a Notice to NEXUS Member (sent by email) in which indicated that they were consulting on proposed changes and clarifications to the NEXUS Regulations.  Hidden in the Notice is some useful information about new bases for confiscation of NEXUS passes.  New NEXUS Program rules… Continue Reading