Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: Canada’s Federal Government

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Canada’s Process to Ratify USMCA

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, NAFTA, NAFTA Renegotiations, Provincial Governments, Trade Agreeements, U.S. Federal Government, USMCA

On September, 2018, the United States, Canada, and Mexico announced that a new NAFTA was agreed and would be called the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (“USMCA”) (also known as NAFTA 2.0).  The text of the USMCA was posted on the United States Trade Representative website. LexSage has published an USMCA Resource Guide with USMCA Chapters, NAFTA… Continue Reading

The USMCA Rules of Origin: Changes Affecting Auto Manufacturers and Auto Parts Makers

Posted in Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, NAFTA, NAFTA Renegotiations, origin, Politics, Trade Agreeements, Transportation, U.S. Federal Government

Late in the evening on September 30, 2018, the United States, Canada and Mexico announced the conclusion of negotiations of the United States – Mexico – Canada Agreement (”USMCA”) (also known as NAFTA 2.0). While the text of USMCA remains to be finalized, formally signed and ratified by each of the three countries, a preliminary… Continue Reading

How does the Canada-US trade war affect cross-border shoppers?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Countermeasures, Customs Law, GST/HST, tariffs

On July 1, 2018, Canada imposed countermeasures (that is, 10% duties) on a number of U.S. origin goods.  These new duties will apply to goods that are purchased by Canadians who shop in the United States.  Canadian cross border shoppers may be asked more questions at the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) Primary Inspection Booth… Continue Reading

What Are Canada’s Economic Sanctions Against Venezuela?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Politics

Canada imposes two types of unilateral economic sanctions against Venezuela.  Canada imposes unilateral economic sanctions under the Special Economic Measures Act (and Special Economic Measures (Venezuela) Regulations).  Canada also imposes unilateral economic sanctions and trade restrictions pursuant to the Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials (Sergei Magnitsky Law) Act and Justice for Victims of… Continue Reading

Canada Announced New Marking Rules for Steel and Aluminum

Posted in Antidumping, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, origin, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government

On May 30, 2018, Canada’s Minister of Finance announced new marking rules for steel and aluminum products.  In a News Release entitled “Canada Bolsters Prevention of Transshipment and Diversion of Steel and Aluminum Products Through Country of Origin Marking Regime“, the Department of Finance announced that Canada was aligning its marking rules with the United… Continue Reading

The United States Imposed 25% Steel Tariffs and 10% Aluminum Tariffs on Canada and Canada Responds

Posted in Antidumping, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Exports, NAFTA, NAFTA Renegotiations, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government

On May 31, 2108, President Trump issued two Presidential Proclamations, which impose steel and aluminum tariffs on Canada. All exports of covered steel will be subject to a 25% import tariff (Canadian steel into the United States) and all exports of covered aluminum products will be subject to a 10% tariff (Canadian aluminum into the… Continue Reading

Are Actors/Actresses/Performers/Directors Required to Register for GST/HST?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, GST/HST

Canada is known as Hollywood North because many movies and television shows and commercials are filmed in Canada. However, unlike the United States, Canada has a federal sales tax called the goods and services tax (“GST”) and in some provinces harmonized sales tax (“HST”) is imposed.  GST/HST is exigible in respect of supplies of services… Continue Reading

The Canada Border Services Agency demands to be told of your prescriptions

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, NEXUS, Personal Comments

Are Canadians, residents of Canada and visitors to Canada required to report prescription medications to the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”)? The answer appears to be “YES”. The CBSA takes the position that you must declare all legally prescribed medications to them upon your return to or entry into Canada.  I am not kidding.  I… Continue Reading

Canada’s New Formalized Process for AD/CVD Scope Rulings

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, Trade Remedies

There is a new/formalized antidumping (AD) and countervailing duty (CVD) procedure in Canada.  Importers may now request a formal AD/CVD Scope Ruling from the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”).  Only the CBSA can make Scope Rulings relating to a Canadian International Trade Tribunal (“CITT”) AD/CVD Order.  Importers should consider filing a request for a Scope… Continue Reading

The Government of Canada Has Not Appointed Needed Canadian International Trade Tribunal Members

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, Government Procurement

Canada is nearing a trade law crisis point that, quite frankly, is avoidable and easily solved.  There are too few permanent members of the Canadian International Trade Tribunal (“CITT”) for the workload.  Section 3 of the Canadian International Trade Tribunal Act provides for the appointment of a Chairman and six (6) permanent members to the… Continue Reading

Is your organization ready for the new CPTPP?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, CPTPP, TPP-1, Trade Agreeements

On January 23, 2018, Canada, Australia, Brunei, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam reached an agreement in principle for a multi-country free trade area. The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement has been renamed and will be called the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (“CPTPP”). We don’t yet know when the CPTPP… Continue Reading

We have a Deal: What are the next steps for Canada to implement the CPTPP?

Posted in Agriculture, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, CPTPP, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, TPP-1

On January 23, 2018, Canada and Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, and Vietnam reached an agreement in principle that is the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (“CPTPP”) (formerly known as the TransPacific Partnership Agreement, TPP, TTTP-1, and TPP-11). The United States withdrew from TPP in January… Continue Reading

What should a taxpayer under audit do if the CRA auditor proposes an assessment?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, GST/HST

The Canada Revenue Agency (“CRA”) conducts audits to ensure that taxpayers are paying or remitting the correct amount of taxes.  In Canada, the CRA enforces Canada’s income tax, Goods and Services Tax (“GST”), Harmonized Sales Tax (“HST”) and federal payroll taxes laws.  These tax systems all have an element of self-reporting. If the CRA auditor… Continue Reading

The CBSA targets “supply managed” goods as a trade compliance verification priority

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, tariff classification

In early January 2018, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) issued its January 2018 Trade Compliance Verification Priorities.  Twice a year, the CBSA posts trade compliance verification priorities for tariff classification, origin and valuation.  In the January 2018 Trade Compliance Verification priorities, the CBSA has hidden on page 44 a new target – “Import Permit… Continue Reading

Compliance Incentive: Canada to appoint a Canadian Ombudsman for Responsible Enterprise

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Cryptocurrencies, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Legal Developments

On January 17, 2018, the Government of Canada furthered its “progressive trade agenda” and responded to calls from human rights groups by announcing that it is going to watch the activities of Canadian businesses operating in overseas markets more seriously.  The Government of Canada will create an Office of the Canadian Ombudsman for Responsible Enterprise… Continue Reading

Should Canada add a books and records provision to export controls and economic sanctions laws?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Cryptocurrencies, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption

Countries, such as North Korea, Iran and Russia, may attempt to hide activities by using cryptocurrencies (such as Bitcoin). While the underlying activity of selling controlled goods or dealing with designated persons is illegal (under Canadian export laws) without an export permit/ministerial authorization, a secondary issue is enforcement.  Enforcement tools directed at “following the money”… Continue Reading

NAFTA Termination? What is your Strategy?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, NAFTA, NAFTA Renegotiations, Trade Agreeements, U.S. Federal Government

Will President Trump terminate NAFTA?  Unfortunately, we don’t know.  Some days, press reports suggest a growing possibility that he will take steps to terminate the agreement.  Other days, President Trump’s pronouncements hint that he may be prepared to further negotiations. This leaves organizations in a difficult position.  If President Trump does issue a notification of… Continue Reading

Canada’s Indirect Economic Sanctions: Where Export Development Canada is not pursuing business at this time

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canada effectively imposes economic sanctions against certain countries via the Export Development Canada (“EDC”) positions on where they will and will not or business.  EDC is Canada’s export credit agency.  The EDC extends credit to Canadian businesses (big and small) to facilitate export sales. EDC financial products and services include trade credit insurance, export financing… Continue Reading

You need an export permit to export certain recyclables and scrap products from Canada to China

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canada’s export controls go beyond dual-use goods, chemicals, defence and military items, and other goods on the Export Control List.  Canada imposes export controls under a variety of statutes and regulations.  For example, Canada controls exports of cannabis, cultural property, hazardous waste, hazardous recyclable and scrap materials, rough diamond, human pathogens, honey, maple syrup, (the… Continue Reading

A Long Time Coming: Canada Files WTO Case Against U.S. Systematic Trade Remedies Measures

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government, World Trade Organization

On December 20, 2017, Canada filed a Request for Consultations with the World Trade Organization (“WTO”) setting out various concerns with the application of U.S. trade remedies that Canada considers to be inconsistent with WTO rules.   On January 10, 2018, the Chairman of the Dispute Settlement Body circulated a communication of Canada’s 32 page Request… Continue Reading

Ask Questions Before You Market Access into Canada?

Posted in AMPs, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, GST/HST, origin, Sales Taxes, tariff classification, valuation

Many U.S. and foreign companies that sell goods on Internet-based retail platforms (both in-house platforms and Amazon-type platforms) should ask more questions as they access Canada’s consumer market.  Often, the first question asked by the foreign company is how to access the Canadian market (as they see dollar signs).  After they foreign company figures out… Continue Reading

Give Him His Money Back: Canadian Court Recognizes Exception to Currency Reporting Obligation

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

On December 28, 2017, Canada’s Federal Court of Appeal (“FCA”) issued a significant decision relating to the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act.  In Williams v. The Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, 2017 FCA 252, Justice Stratas (a very good justice who writes well explained decisions) held that currency seized… Continue Reading

Canada Has Many Export Controls/ Economic Sanctions Lists

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canada has made many lists and you may have to look at more than one list before exporting goods.  Which lists you must look at depends upon the destination country, the identity of buyer (including related parties), what specifically you are selling to your buyer (the good and its component parts), and the industry in… Continue Reading

Top 10 Anti-Bribery/Anti-Corruption Developments in Canada in 2017

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption

Canada is not known for developments in anti-bribery and anti-corruption laws.  However, 2017 has been a busy year of advancements and developments.  Looking back on 2017, persons with a real and substantial link to Canada should be more concerned about compliance with Canada’s anti-bribery laws. In you have not done so already, it is time… Continue Reading