Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: Canada’s Federal Government

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The Government of Canada Has Not Appointed Needed Canadian International Trade Tribunal Members

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, Government Procurement

Canada is nearing a trade law crisis point that, quite frankly, is avoidable and easily solved.  There are too few permanent members of the Canadian International Trade Tribunal (“CITT”) for the workload.  Section 3 of the Canadian International Trade Tribunal Act provides for the appointment of a Chairman and six (6) permanent members to the… Continue Reading

Is your organization ready for the new CPTPP?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, CPTPP, TPP-1, Trade Agreeements

On January 23, 2018, Canada, Australia, Brunei, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam reached an agreement in principle for a multi-country free trade area. The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement has been renamed and will be called the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (“CPTPP”). We don’t yet know when the CPTPP… Continue Reading

We have a Deal: What are the next steps for Canada to implement the CPTPP?

Posted in Agriculture, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, CPTPP, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, TPP-1

On January 23, 2018, Canada and Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, and Vietnam reached an agreement in principle that is the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (“CPTPP”) (formerly known as the TransPacific Partnership Agreement, TPP, TTTP-1, and TPP-11). The United States withdrew from TPP in January… Continue Reading

What should a taxpayer under audit do if the CRA auditor proposes an assessment?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, GST/HST

The Canada Revenue Agency (“CRA”) conducts audits to ensure that taxpayers are paying or remitting the correct amount of taxes.  In Canada, the CRA enforces Canada’s income tax, Goods and Services Tax (“GST”), Harmonized Sales Tax (“HST”) and federal payroll taxes laws.  These tax systems all have an element of self-reporting. If the CRA auditor… Continue Reading

The CBSA targets “supply managed” goods as a trade compliance verification priority

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, tariff classification

In early January 2018, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) issued its January 2018 Trade Compliance Verification Priorities.  Twice a year, the CBSA posts trade compliance verification priorities for tariff classification, origin and valuation.  In the January 2018 Trade Compliance Verification priorities, the CBSA has hidden on page 44 a new target – “Import Permit… Continue Reading

Compliance Incentive: Canada to appoint a Canadian Ombudsman for Responsible Enterprise

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Cryptocurrencies, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Legal Developments

On January 17, 2018, the Government of Canada furthered its “progressive trade agenda” and responded to calls from human rights groups by announcing that it is going to watch the activities of Canadian businesses operating in overseas markets more seriously.  The Government of Canada will create an Office of the Canadian Ombudsman for Responsible Enterprise… Continue Reading

Should Canada add a books and records provision to export controls and economic sanctions laws?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Cryptocurrencies, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption

Countries, such as North Korea, Iran and Russia, may attempt to hide activities by using cryptocurrencies (such as Bitcoin). While the underlying activity of selling controlled goods or dealing with designated persons is illegal (under Canadian export laws) without an export permit/ministerial authorization, a secondary issue is enforcement.  Enforcement tools directed at “following the money”… Continue Reading

NAFTA Termination? What is your Strategy?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, NAFTA, NAFTA Renegotiations, Trade Agreeements, U.S. Federal Government

Will President Trump terminate NAFTA?  Unfortunately, we don’t know.  Some days, press reports suggest a growing possibility that he will take steps to terminate the agreement.  Other days, President Trump’s pronouncements hint that he may be prepared to further negotiations. This leaves organizations in a difficult position.  If President Trump does issue a notification of… Continue Reading

Canada’s Indirect Economic Sanctions: Where Export Development Canada is not pursuing business at this time

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canada effectively imposes economic sanctions against certain countries via the Export Development Canada (“EDC”) positions on where they will and will not or business.  EDC is Canada’s export credit agency.  The EDC extends credit to Canadian businesses (big and small) to facilitate export sales. EDC financial products and services include trade credit insurance, export financing… Continue Reading

You need an export permit to export certain recyclables and scrap products from Canada to China

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canada’s export controls go beyond dual-use goods, chemicals, defence and military items, and other goods on the Export Control List.  Canada imposes export controls under a variety of statutes and regulations.  For example, Canada controls exports of cannabis, cultural property, hazardous waste, hazardous recyclable and scrap materials, rough diamond, human pathogens, honey, maple syrup, (the… Continue Reading

A Long Time Coming: Canada Files WTO Case Against U.S. Systematic Trade Remedies Measures

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government, World Trade Organization

On December 20, 2017, Canada filed a Request for Consultations with the World Trade Organization (“WTO”) setting out various concerns with the application of U.S. trade remedies that Canada considers to be inconsistent with WTO rules.   On January 10, 2018, the Chairman of the Dispute Settlement Body circulated a communication of Canada’s 32 page Request… Continue Reading

Ask Questions Before You Market Access into Canada?

Posted in AMPs, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, GST/HST, origin, Sales Taxes, tariff classification, valuation

Many U.S. and foreign companies that sell goods on Internet-based retail platforms (both in-house platforms and Amazon-type platforms) should ask more questions as they access Canada’s consumer market.  Often, the first question asked by the foreign company is how to access the Canadian market (as they see dollar signs).  After they foreign company figures out… Continue Reading

Give Him His Money Back: Canadian Court Recognizes Exception to Currency Reporting Obligation

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

On December 28, 2017, Canada’s Federal Court of Appeal (“FCA”) issued a significant decision relating to the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act.  In Williams v. The Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, 2017 FCA 252, Justice Stratas (a very good justice who writes well explained decisions) held that currency seized… Continue Reading

Canada Has Many Export Controls/ Economic Sanctions Lists

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canada has made many lists and you may have to look at more than one list before exporting goods.  Which lists you must look at depends upon the destination country, the identity of buyer (including related parties), what specifically you are selling to your buyer (the good and its component parts), and the industry in… Continue Reading

Top 10 Anti-Bribery/Anti-Corruption Developments in Canada in 2017

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption

Canada is not known for developments in anti-bribery and anti-corruption laws.  However, 2017 has been a busy year of advancements and developments.  Looking back on 2017, persons with a real and substantial link to Canada should be more concerned about compliance with Canada’s anti-bribery laws. In you have not done so already, it is time… Continue Reading

Facilitation Payments are Bribery: Canada Finally Repeals “Facilitation Payments” Exception

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, FCPA/Anti-Corruption

Canadian anti-corruption law is now clear, facilitation or “grease” payments to foreign public officials are illegal. There used to be a gray area – some Canadian companies did not know how to approach the small payments requested by low-level officials to speed up routine government functions and Canadian compliance managers wasted much time guessing about… Continue Reading

Speak Up!: Canada Is Consulting With Canadians On Cannabis Duties And Taxes

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, cannabis, Cross-border trade, Excise Duty, Excise Tax, Imports Restrictions

On November 10, 2017, Canada’s Department of Finance made an announcement of a one month consultation process concerning the imposition of excise taxes/duties and goods and services tax (“GST”) and harmonized sales tax (“HST”) on cannabis products. Canadian stakeholders, businesses and the public have until December 7, 2017 to submit feedback as part of the Government of Canada’s… Continue Reading

What is the Canadian International Trade Tribunal?

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, Government Procurement, origin, tariff classification, Trade Remedies, valuation

The Canadian International Trade Tribunal (also known as the “CITT”) is an independent, Canadian quasi-judicial administrative tribunal that adjudicates a variety of international trade cases and matters. The CITT is the place to go to receive a fair, timely, transparent and effective resolution of a trade-related dispute and/or government-mandated inquiry/dispute, provided that the trade-related dispute is… Continue Reading

What is the CPTPP?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, TPP-1, Trade Agreeements, Uncategorized

On November 10, 2017, the TransPacific Partnership Agreement (-1) was renamed the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (“CPTPP”).  Canada made an announcement about the CPTPP and the new name was used.  Canada’s announcement was made prior to the release of the Joint Statement. The CPTPP parties are Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico,… Continue Reading

Are You Asking The Right Questions When You Travel With Electronic Devices?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel

  Technology is wonderful. Laptop computers are getting lighter.  Storage capacity on laptop computers, smart phones, USB keys and other electronic devices are up in the terabytes.   You can travel with your electronic devices and no one will know you are not in the office. What this means is that we can travel with vast… Continue Reading

Canada Lists Names: Canada Publishes 3 Magnitsky Sanctions Lists

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Legal Developments, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

On November 3, 2017, Canada announced sanctions and published three lists of names under the Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act (Sergei Magnitsky Law) (a.k.a Canada’s Magnitsky Act) imposing sanctions against 52 individuals from Russian, Venezuela and South Sudan.  The Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act (Sergei Magnitsky Law) received Royal Assent on October… Continue Reading

Canada’s Magnitsky Act Receives Royal Assent

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions

Today, at 1PM, Canada’s Magnitsky Act (known as Bill S-226 Bill S-226 “An Act to provide for the taking of restrictive measures in respect of foreign nationals responsible for gross violations of internationally recognized human rights and to make related amendments to the Special Economic Measures Act and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act” (officially… Continue Reading

Canada Publishes A Consolidated SEMA Sanctions List

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

On October 12, 2017, Global Affairs Canada published a Consolidated Special Economic Measures Act Sanctions List.  Before today, Canadian companies had to review each regulation promulgated under the Special Economic Measures Act when conducting due diligence.  However, and this is important, the Global Affairs Consolidated Special Economic Measures Act Sanctions List does not include sanctions… Continue Reading

Canada’s Magnitsky Act Will Pass Third Reading Today

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Today, Canada’s House of Commons will pass at third reading Bill S-226 “An Act to provide for the taking of restrictive measures in respect of foreign nationals responsible for gross violations of internationally recognized human rights and to make related amendments to the Special Economic Measures Act and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act”. Bill S-226… Continue Reading