Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: Cross-border trade

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Speak Up!: Canada Is Consulting With Canadians On Cannabis Duties And Taxes

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, cannabis, Cross-border trade, Excise Duty, Excise Tax, Imports Restrictions

On November 10, 2017, Canada’s Department of Finance made an announcement of a one month consultation process concerning the imposition of excise taxes/duties and goods and services tax (“GST”) and harmonized sales tax (“HST”) on cannabis products. Canadian stakeholders, businesses and the public have until December 7, 2017 to submit feedback as part of the Government of Canada’s… Continue Reading

Canada Lists Names: Canada Publishes 3 Magnitsky Sanctions Lists

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Legal Developments, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

On November 3, 2017, Canada announced sanctions and published three lists of names under the Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act (Sergei Magnitsky Law) (a.k.a Canada’s Magnitsky Act) imposing sanctions against 52 individuals from Russian, Venezuela and South Sudan.  The Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act (Sergei Magnitsky Law) received Royal Assent on October… Continue Reading

Money, Money, Who Owes the Money?

Posted in Antidumping, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Legal Developments

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in October 2017 You receive an invoice from Customs and Border Protection (CBP) for additional duty assessed on an entry. When do you have to pay it?  Presumably the answer is within thirty (30) days, but maybe not! One of the members of the trade bar was recently… Continue Reading

Tips for Traveling with Electronic Devices

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Constitutional Law, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Cybersecurity and Privacy, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Legal Developments, Transportation

In the September 18, 2017 Federal Register notice (see 82 FR 43556) , U.S. Citizenship and Immigration made clear it will now routinely require those applying to enter the U.S. to provide social media handles. As such, the obvious starting point for these tips must be a reminder that Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) officers… Continue Reading

Canada’s Magnitsky Act Moves Closer To Law On October 2, 2017

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Bill S-226 “An Act to provide for the taking of restrictive measures in respect of foreign nationals responsible for gross violations of internationally recognized human rights and to make related amendments to the Special Economic Measures Act and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act” to be known as “Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials… Continue Reading

Walking the North Korean Tightrope

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Transportation

On September 21, 2017, President Trump issued an Executive Order (yet to be numbered) (“EO”) imposing additional sanctions on North Korea. It took affect the next day. The general press has quoted Treasury Secretary Mnuchin as stating: “Foreign financial institutions are now on notice that going forward they can choose to do business with the… Continue Reading

Solar Flare Up with China

Posted in Antidumping, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Two actions took place at the end of last week which heighten concerns that a trade war with China could be ever more likely.  First, there was the preliminary decision in the solar panels 201 case.  Then, we had the additional sanctions imposed by the President on North Korea. The 201 solar panel case began… Continue Reading

The Origin Verification Process In CETA Is Different From What Canadian Businesses Are Used To

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, NAFTA, origin

Canadian businesses are used to the North American Free Trade Agreement (“NAFTA”) customs procedures for verifying certificates of origin that effectively state that exported goods are “made in Canada”. The NAFTA origin verification procedures have been adopted in most other Canadian free trade agreements. Under NAFTA, United States Customs and Border Protection (“US CBP”) officers… Continue Reading

Are You Ready To Benefit From The Canada-EU CETA?

Posted in Agriculture, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, origin, tariff classification

On September 14, 2017, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) issued Customs Notice 17-30 “Implementation of the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement”, which sets out some of the final administrative details needed before duty-free imports are processed starting on September 21, 2017.  These final details supplement the Canada-EU CETA text, the Canada-European Union Comprehensive… Continue Reading

What Are Canada’s Tariff Codes (As At September 14, 2017)?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Canada-Ukraine FTA, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, origin

Canada does not have a single customs duty or tariff rate for all imports. Over the years, Canada has entered into a number of free trade agreements.  A tariff rate code is assigned for every free trade agreement partner because tariff elimination commitments and tariff reduction schedules cause applicable tariff rates to be different from… Continue Reading

CBP : Old Issues / New Tricks!

Posted in Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, origin, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in September 2017. As the scoundrels of the world are ever more creative with their attempts to circumvent the law, Customs and Border Protection (CBP) responds by implementing new tools.  One new tool is worth considering and one existing tool is worth revisiting. The new enforcement tool is… Continue Reading

Canada Does Not Impose Customs Duties On Most Manufacturing Inputs

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, NAFTA Renegotiations

There is some concern that U.S. President Trump will cancel NAFTA (because he has said he would terminate NAFTA if he does not get what he wants from Canada and Mexico during the NAFTA renegotiation meetings).  One of the concerns raised in the media is that Canada will impose customs duties on U.S.-origin manufacturing inputs,… Continue Reading

What Should Canadian Companies Due Between NAFTA Modernization Rounds?

Posted in Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Government Procurement, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, International Arbitrations, NAFTA, NAFTA Chapter 11, NAFTA Renegotiations, Politics, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

In the week of August 16, 2017, Canada’s NAFTA modernization team met in Washington D.C. with the United States Trade Representative’s NAFTA renegotiation team and Mexico’s NAFTA modernization team. At the end of the meeting, they issued a Trilateral Statement on the Conclusion of NAFTA Round One and indicated that Round Two will be held in… Continue Reading

Canada Initiates New Antidumping/Subsidy Case Against PET Resin from China, Oman, India and Pakistan

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Trade Remedies

On August 18, 2017, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) issued a Notice of Initiation stating that it has initiated both an antidumping investigation and a subsidy investigation against PET Resin from China, India, Oman and Pakistan. The subject goods are defined as follows: “Polyethylene terephthalate (“PET”) resin having an intrinsic viscosity of at least… Continue Reading

Can the CBSA Search My Electronic Devices?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law

We are often contacted by travelers after they have been selected (random or mandatory) for a secondary examination by the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) upon arrival at the Canadian border. Usually, the traveler had something on a laptop computer or smart phone that they did not want the CBSA to see or use against them… Continue Reading

The CBSA Should Respect Solicitor-Client Privilege At The Canadian Border

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law

The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) does have an internal policy with respect to examinations and searches of lawyers who are crossing the border into Canada.  This internal policy (Operational Bulletin PRG-2014-07 “Examination of Solicitor-Client Privileged Materials”) is not publicly available on the CBSA web-site, so we posted it.  It is available through Access to… Continue Reading

What is in a Name?

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Uncategorized

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in August 2017. We are now a few months (almost 7) into Mr. Trump’s Presidency and it is still not clear  – what is the Administration’s trade policy?   The general press is rife with stories about the warring factions within the Administration – those who xenophobically want to… Continue Reading

Do You Know The Canadian Marking And Labelling Rules For Importing Textile Products Into Canada?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, origin

There are several pieces of Canadian legislation that prescribe marking and labelling requirements for textile products that are imported into Canada.  While it is difficult to provide specific requirements without detailed information about the product, and certain exemptions may be available, the manufacturer, importer, target market, etc, the following marking/labelling requirements may apply: 1) Country… Continue Reading

Trading with China – New Reasons To Be Wary!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Labour, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Yesterday, August 2, 2017, President Trump signed into law H.R. 3364, the “Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act”.  The general press is covering this story by writing about Russia’s initial retaliation taking the form of cutting the staff authorized at the U.S. embassy in Moscow and the seizure of certain U.S. diplomatic property within Russia. … Continue Reading

How To Start A Trade Compliance Program? Who, What, When, Where, How Questions To Ask

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, AMPs, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Canada-Ukraine FTA, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Currency Reporting, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, NAFTA Renegotiations, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

The trade landscape is changing for many Canadian companies. Canada is involved in the renegotiation of NAFTA.  The Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement comes into effect on August 1, 2017.  The Canada-EU CETA enters into provisional effect on September 21, 2017.  The Government of Canada is updating export controls and economic sanctions laws and Global Affairs… Continue Reading

Canada Announces Canada-EU CETA Cheese Quota Rules

Posted in Agriculture, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, origin

Retailers, distributors, restaurants, domestic producers and others have been anxiously awaiting the Government of Canada’s announcement on the process for Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (“Canada-EU CETA”) cheese quota.  The Canada-EU CETA was originally to be provisionally implemented on July 1, 2017 and this start date was delayed due to a disagreement over… Continue Reading

Canadian Government Export Controls Policies Under A Microscope

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Politics

On July 28, 2017, Global Affairs Canada issued a statement of concern relating to escalating violence in eastern Saudi Arabia. In the Statement entitled “Canada concerned by escalating tensions in eastern Saudi Arabia”, Global Affairs stated: “Canada is concerned by the escalating violence in eastern Saudi Arabia, which has resulted in civilian and security force casualties…. Continue Reading

What Might Be The First Trade Issues Under The Canada-EU CETA?

Posted in Agriculture, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Trade Agreeements, World Trade Organization

The Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (the “Canada-EU CETA”) will come into provisional effect on September 21, 2017.  Sometimes, disputes that have arisen prior to the implementation of a free trade agreement, which are left unresolved at the time of implementation, turn into full disputes between the parties. What could those disputes be? The… Continue Reading

Canada And Australia Mutually Recognize Trusted Traveler Programs

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Customs Law

On July 25, 2017, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) announced that they had signed a Mutual Recognition Agreement with Australia’s Department of Immigration and Border Protection.  What this means is that Australia will recognize Canada’s trusted trader program called “Partners in Protection“(“PIP”) and Canada will recognize Australia’s trusted trader program. Canada’s PIP Program is… Continue Reading