Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: Exports

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OFAC Brings the Hammer

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Trade Remedies

In March, there was a good deal of consternation in the general press trying to understand news that President Trump had overruled the actions of the Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) to impose additional sanctions on North Korea. Beside the oddity of a President overruling actions by a part of the Executive branch after… Continue Reading

Why Are My Goods Being Inspected?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, tariffs, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in February 2019 Of all the questions asked of trade attorneys, this is likely the most frequent one.  The answer is both a study in current events, but also much more complex.  Let’s start at the obvious beginning point. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) receives advance information about… Continue Reading

No Further Shutdown – Hooray!!!! List 3 Exclusion Process Coming – Hip, Hip Hooray !!!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, tariffs

The Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2019 was signed into law on Friday, February 15, 2019, so the potential for another shutdown was averted, but there was a hidden gem buried in a related document. This new law contains a specific appropriation for the U.S. Trade Representative’s office which reads: “For necessary expenses of the Office… Continue Reading

Happy New Year – Now Let’s Get Back to Business!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cryptocurrencies, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, tariffs, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in January 2019 One of the topics that consistently makes the top 5 in just about every survey of issues of concern to companies is the cost of regulatory compliance. This is true in large measure because the complexity of the issues covered by those regulations keeps increasing and… Continue Reading

Customers Now Jointly Liable With Port Truckers For Certain Labor Violations

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Legal Developments, Transportation

One of the bills signed into law by California Governor Edmund G. Brown from the most recent legislative session aims to hold customers accountable when hiring trucking companies that have a record of Labor Code violations. Under SB 1402, customers who utilize trucking companies to deliver goods from California’s ports may be held jointly and… Continue Reading

U.S.-China Deal

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Politics, tariffs, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

Over the weekend, President Trump announced a deal with China. The result is the 10% tariff imposed on goods on List 3 of Chinese made goods will remain in place for an additional 90 days rather than increase to 25% on January 1, 2019. The challenge is there was no joint communique issued by the… Continue Reading

Maybe and Maybe Not – IOR Challenges

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, USMCA

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in November 2018 One of the many frustrations facing international traders trying to import goods into the U.S. is whether or not they will be accepted as importer of record by Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”).   CBP established a program to deal with what it views as the… Continue Reading

China 301 – List 3 Now A Reality

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Late on July 10, 2018, U.S. Trade Representative Lighthizer released a list of the next Chinese-made products targeted for additional duties, this time at a 10% rate and worth about $200 billion.  The statement in support of this action can be found here: USTR Statement Supporting China 301 List 3; and the list of affected… Continue Reading

China 301 Tariffs Took Effect – What Happens Next?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Countermeasures, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Legal Developments, tariffs, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

The U.S. Trade Representative (“USTR”) issued a press release on July 6, 2018 in which the process companies can use to seek exclusion from the 25% tariff imposed on the same day on goods from China was announced. The timeline requires all original exclusion requests to be filed by October 9, 2018. Each will be… Continue Reading

Poof Goes the Rule of Law!

Posted in Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Legal Developments, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in June 2018. There was a strong temptation to title this column – What the Football!  President Trump has spent a good deal of his time recently excoriating professional football players about their actions when it comes to the nation anthem. He seems to have not spent even… Continue Reading

The United States Imposed 25% Steel Tariffs and 10% Aluminum Tariffs on Canada and Canada Responds

Posted in Antidumping, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Exports, NAFTA, NAFTA Renegotiations, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government

On May 31, 2108, President Trump issued two Presidential Proclamations, which impose steel and aluminum tariffs on Canada. All exports of covered steel will be subject to a 25% import tariff (Canadian steel into the United States) and all exports of covered aluminum products will be subject to a 10% tariff (Canadian aluminum into the… Continue Reading

Trump’s withdrawal from the Iran JCPOA Deal: What does this mean for Canadian companies and trusts?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, U.S. Federal Government

On May 8, 2018, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the U.S. will withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (“JCPOA”) with Iran. Canada was not a party to the JCPOA.  So, the U.S. being in or out of the JCPOA does not affect Canada directly. That being said, President Trump’s decision has consequences… Continue Reading

Where Do Your Goods Originate?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, origin, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in April 2018 The brewing trade war between the U.S. and China serves as a reminder to international traders that knowing where your goods are made and being able to prove it are two very different issues.  At a time when it remains common place for U.S. Customs… Continue Reading

What We Have is a Failure to Communicate: Computer Programmers Should Not be Expected to Know Customs and Trade Compliance

Posted in AMPs, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, GST/HST, Imports Restrictions, origin, Sales Taxes, tariff classification, Tax, valuation

This is a common problem – too common.  The people in the company responsible for customs and trade compliance do not work closely with the computer programmers as software is being developed — and mistakes are made.  The computer programmer does his or her job in preparing the code, but does not have any knowledge… Continue Reading

The new Trump tariffs – the tip of the trade iceberg

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Our good friend and Australian lawyer – Andrew Hudson – has published an article about the U.S. steel and aluminum tariffs with an interesting take based on current events in Australia. Andrew’s article can be found on the Rigby Cooke website at http://www.rigbycooke.com.au/latest/new-trump-tariffs-tip-of-trade-iceberg. It has also been published in the DCN at http://www.thedcn.com.au/the-new-trump-tariffs-the-tip-of-the-trade-iceberg/ (subscription required)…. Continue Reading

Here Come Those New Steel and Aluminum Tariffs!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Politics, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

Earlier today, March 8, 2018, President Trump signed two Presidential Proclamations, one dealing with additional tariffs on steel and the other with additional tariffs on aluminum. As has been widely reported in the general press, those rates are 25% on steel and 10% on aluminum. The only countries exempted are Canada and Mexico. Steel articles… Continue Reading

Steel & Aluminum: Tough Tariffs, Tough Road Ahead?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Legal Developments, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

Earlier today, President Trump announced his intention to adopt the recommendations of the Dept. of Commerce and impose tariffs on imports of steel and aluminum. The formal signing is said to be taking place “next week”.  President Trump has stated those tariffs will be 25% on foreign-made steel and 10% on foreign-made aluminum. Hopefully when… Continue Reading

Border Searches of Electronic Devices

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Earlier this month, MSK attorneys David Rugendorf and Frida Glucoft published an Alert summarizing the latest directive issued by Customs and Border Protection (CBP) regarding the search of electronic devices.  A copy of their original article can be found here –  Hold That Call International Travelers.  Given the  increasing likelihood of any traveler’s electronic devices… Continue Reading

He Said What ?????

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Currency Reporting, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Harmonization, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in December 2017 While Special Counsel Robert Mueller continues his investigation, the recent guilty plea entered by Trump former National Security Advisor Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn (Ret.) serves as a reminder that when you are interviewed by a law enforcement agent, you better be sure what you say… Continue Reading

How will the U.S. Government shutdown affect Canadians?

Posted in Agriculture, Border Security, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, NAFTA, NEXUS, U.S. Federal Government

The U.S. federal government was shut down at midnight this morning after a funding bill did not get 60 votes in the United States Senate. While the politicians work to find a solution before Monday, Canadians are reminded that the last U.S. federal government shut down lasted 16 days and a previous shutdown lasted 27… Continue Reading

Should Canada add a books and records provision to export controls and economic sanctions laws?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Cryptocurrencies, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption

Countries, such as North Korea, Iran and Russia, may attempt to hide activities by using cryptocurrencies (such as Bitcoin). While the underlying activity of selling controlled goods or dealing with designated persons is illegal (under Canadian export laws) without an export permit/ministerial authorization, a secondary issue is enforcement.  Enforcement tools directed at “following the money”… Continue Reading

Canada’s Indirect Economic Sanctions: Where Export Development Canada is not pursuing business at this time

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canada effectively imposes economic sanctions against certain countries via the Export Development Canada (“EDC”) positions on where they will and will not or business.  EDC is Canada’s export credit agency.  The EDC extends credit to Canadian businesses (big and small) to facilitate export sales. EDC financial products and services include trade credit insurance, export financing… Continue Reading

You need an export permit to export certain recyclables and scrap products from Canada to China

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canada’s export controls go beyond dual-use goods, chemicals, defence and military items, and other goods on the Export Control List.  Canada imposes export controls under a variety of statutes and regulations.  For example, Canada controls exports of cannabis, cultural property, hazardous waste, hazardous recyclable and scrap materials, rough diamond, human pathogens, honey, maple syrup, (the… Continue Reading

Canada Did Not Impose New Economic Sanctions Against North Korea In 2017

Posted in Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

In 2017, the United Nations Security Council imposes 3 new rounds of economic sanctions against North Korea (Resolution 2397 (2017) on December 22, 2017, Resolution 2375 (2017) on September 11, 2017, and Resolution 2371 (2017) on August 5, 2017).  However, Canada has not amended existing regulations under the United Nations Act against North Korea.  Canada implements United… Continue Reading