Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: Customs Law

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Why Are My Goods Being Inspected?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, tariffs, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in February 2019 Of all the questions asked of trade attorneys, this is likely the most frequent one.  The answer is both a study in current events, but also much more complex.  Let’s start at the obvious beginning point. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) receives advance information about… Continue Reading

No Further Shutdown – Hooray!!!! List 3 Exclusion Process Coming – Hip, Hip Hooray !!!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, tariffs

The Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2019 was signed into law on Friday, February 15, 2019, so the potential for another shutdown was averted, but there was a hidden gem buried in a related document. This new law contains a specific appropriation for the U.S. Trade Representative’s office which reads: “For necessary expenses of the Office… Continue Reading

Happy New Year – Now Let’s Get Back to Business!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cryptocurrencies, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, tariffs, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in January 2019 One of the topics that consistently makes the top 5 in just about every survey of issues of concern to companies is the cost of regulatory compliance. This is true in large measure because the complexity of the issues covered by those regulations keeps increasing and… Continue Reading

Customers Now Jointly Liable With Port Truckers For Certain Labor Violations

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Legal Developments, Transportation

One of the bills signed into law by California Governor Edmund G. Brown from the most recent legislative session aims to hold customers accountable when hiring trucking companies that have a record of Labor Code violations. Under SB 1402, customers who utilize trucking companies to deliver goods from California’s ports may be held jointly and… Continue Reading

U.S.-China Deal

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Politics, tariffs, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

Over the weekend, President Trump announced a deal with China. The result is the 10% tariff imposed on goods on List 3 of Chinese made goods will remain in place for an additional 90 days rather than increase to 25% on January 1, 2019. The challenge is there was no joint communique issued by the… Continue Reading

Maybe and Maybe Not – IOR Challenges

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, USMCA

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in November 2018 One of the many frustrations facing international traders trying to import goods into the U.S. is whether or not they will be accepted as importer of record by Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”).   CBP established a program to deal with what it views as the… Continue Reading

Trading Goods: Ever More Complicated

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, USMCA

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in October 2018 While a lot of well-deserved attention is being paid to the steel, aluminum and China tariffs, and the new U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement, change is afoot in many other ways. For example, in July 2018, the Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) issued an advisory about risks… Continue Reading

The USMCA Rules of Origin: Changes Affecting Auto Manufacturers and Auto Parts Makers

Posted in Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, NAFTA, NAFTA Renegotiations, origin, Politics, Trade Agreeements, Transportation, U.S. Federal Government

Late in the evening on September 30, 2018, the United States, Canada and Mexico announced the conclusion of negotiations of the United States – Mexico – Canada Agreement (”USMCA”) (also known as NAFTA 2.0). While the text of USMCA remains to be finalized, formally signed and ratified by each of the three countries, a preliminary… Continue Reading

KORUS – Who Gets the Benefits?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Legal Developments, tariffs, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Published by the Journal of Commerce in September 2018. While we are all understandably caught up in the trade war with China and wait to see whether additional tariffs will be imposed on more Chinese-made goods, the Korea – U.S. Free Trade Agreement revisions have been made public by the U.S. Trade Representative. Those changes… Continue Reading

China 301 List 2 – Effective August 23, 2018 – in US and China

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Countermeasures, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, tariffs, Transportation

USTR Lighthizer yesterday published notice that the 25% tariff on goods appearing on List 2 will become effective on August 23, 2018. For those who wonder if filing comments makes a difference, the answer is yes! In his announcement, USTR Lighthizer made the point the list dropped from 284 to 279 tariff items based on… Continue Reading

China 301 List 3 Products – New Schedule Published

Posted in Border Security, Countermeasures, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Politics, tariffs, Trade Remedies

In the August 7, 2018 Federal Register, U.S. Trade Representative Lighthizer published the latest official timeline for those planning to participate in the China 301 List 3 proceedings. The relevant dates are: August 13, 2018 – due date for filing requests to be a witness and a summary of expected testimony; August 20-23, 2018 – public… Continue Reading

China 301 List 3 – 25% Duty ???

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Countermeasures, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

On August 1, 2018, USTR Lighthizer issued a press release indicating he was following through with President Trump’s direction and will consider raising the rate of duty from 10% to 25% on those products on China 301 List 3. A formal notice in the Federal Register is expected soon. Mr. Lighthizer also announced the written… Continue Reading

China 301 – List 3 Now A Reality

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Late on July 10, 2018, U.S. Trade Representative Lighthizer released a list of the next Chinese-made products targeted for additional duties, this time at a 10% rate and worth about $200 billion.  The statement in support of this action can be found here: USTR Statement Supporting China 301 List 3; and the list of affected… Continue Reading

China 301 Tariffs Took Effect – What Happens Next?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Countermeasures, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Legal Developments, tariffs, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

The U.S. Trade Representative (“USTR”) issued a press release on July 6, 2018 in which the process companies can use to seek exclusion from the 25% tariff imposed on the same day on goods from China was announced. The timeline requires all original exclusion requests to be filed by October 9, 2018. Each will be… Continue Reading

How does the Canada-US trade war affect cross-border shoppers?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Countermeasures, Customs Law, GST/HST, tariffs

On July 1, 2018, Canada imposed countermeasures (that is, 10% duties) on a number of U.S. origin goods.  These new duties will apply to goods that are purchased by Canadians who shop in the United States.  Canadian cross border shoppers may be asked more questions at the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) Primary Inspection Booth… Continue Reading

Canada Retaliates

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA

On June 29, 2018, Canada released its list of products on which retaliation will be taken against the 232 steel and aluminum tariffs imposed by the U.S. Table 1 products are subject to a 25% surcharge. While the products listed on Tables 2 and 3 are subject to a 10% surcharge. See Canada 232 Retaliation… Continue Reading

To Tariff or Not to Tariff – That Is The Question!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Buy America, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

In the current tit for tat environment that overhangs international trade, below is an update regarding the 232 tariffs on steel and aluminum, the 301 tariffs related to China’s intellectual property rights and other business practices, and the 232 tariffs threatened on automobiles and parts. Steel and Aluminum Tariffs: As everyone by now knows, effective… Continue Reading

25% Tariff Imposed in Chinese Goods

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

The U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) today issued two lists of products on which the U.S. seeks to impose tariffs on goods made in China at a 25% rate.  The lists together cover 1,102 tariff lines valued at approximately $50 billion.  According to the USTR’s release, the list of products settled on was intended to focus… Continue Reading

Poof Goes the Rule of Law!

Posted in Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Legal Developments, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in June 2018. There was a strong temptation to title this column – What the Football!  President Trump has spent a good deal of his time recently excoriating professional football players about their actions when it comes to the nation anthem. He seems to have not spent even… Continue Reading

232 Auto Investigation Timeline Published

Posted in Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

The Federal Register notice advising the timeline which applies to the Administration’s 232 investigation regarding automobiles and parts was published on May 30, 2018.  The relevant time frame requires that written comments are due by June 22, 2018 and rebuttal comments by July 6, 2018.  A public hearing will be held on July 19 and… Continue Reading

Which Way Is Up?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

This client alert was originally published on May 30, 2018, and now there is an update. Today, May 31st, President Trump announced a resolution with Argentina, Brazil and Australia regarding the 232 tariffs on steel (25%) and/or aluminum (10%), but as there is no similar agreement with Canada, Mexico or the EU, the tariffs on… Continue Reading

Canada Announced New Marking Rules for Steel and Aluminum

Posted in Antidumping, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, origin, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government

On May 30, 2018, Canada’s Minister of Finance announced new marking rules for steel and aluminum products.  In a News Release entitled “Canada Bolsters Prevention of Transshipment and Diversion of Steel and Aluminum Products Through Country of Origin Marking Regime“, the Department of Finance announced that Canada was aligning its marking rules with the United… Continue Reading