Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Tag Archives: Canada

Is your organization ready for the new CPTPP?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, CPTPP, TPP-1, Trade Agreeements

On January 23, 2018, Canada, Australia, Brunei, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam reached an agreement in principle for a multi-country free trade area. The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement has been renamed and will be called the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (“CPTPP”). We don’t yet know when the CPTPP… Continue Reading

Canadian Customs Duties and the Trump Tax Changes – What Do They Have In Common?

Posted in Customs Law, origin, U.S. Federal Government, valuation

On December 22, 2017, President Trump signed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Trump Tax Act”).  The Trump Tax Act materially changes U.S. corporate tax laws and incentivizes U.S. companies with overseas operations to either return home to the United States and/or repatriate money home to the United States. As companies are attempting to… Continue Reading

Should Canada add a books and records provision to export controls and economic sanctions laws?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Cryptocurrencies, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption

Countries, such as North Korea, Iran and Russia, may attempt to hide activities by using cryptocurrencies (such as Bitcoin). While the underlying activity of selling controlled goods or dealing with designated persons is illegal (under Canadian export laws) without an export permit/ministerial authorization, a secondary issue is enforcement.  Enforcement tools directed at “following the money”… Continue Reading

Canada’s Indirect Economic Sanctions: Where Export Development Canada is not pursuing business at this time

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canada effectively imposes economic sanctions against certain countries via the Export Development Canada (“EDC”) positions on where they will and will not or business.  EDC is Canada’s export credit agency.  The EDC extends credit to Canadian businesses (big and small) to facilitate export sales. EDC financial products and services include trade credit insurance, export financing… Continue Reading

You need an export permit to export certain recyclables and scrap products from Canada to China

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canada’s export controls go beyond dual-use goods, chemicals, defence and military items, and other goods on the Export Control List.  Canada imposes export controls under a variety of statutes and regulations.  For example, Canada controls exports of cannabis, cultural property, hazardous waste, hazardous recyclable and scrap materials, rough diamond, human pathogens, honey, maple syrup, (the… Continue Reading

A Long Time Coming: Canada Files WTO Case Against U.S. Systematic Trade Remedies Measures

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government, World Trade Organization

On December 20, 2017, Canada filed a Request for Consultations with the World Trade Organization (“WTO”) setting out various concerns with the application of U.S. trade remedies that Canada considers to be inconsistent with WTO rules.   On January 10, 2018, the Chairman of the Dispute Settlement Body circulated a communication of Canada’s 32 page Request… Continue Reading

Canada Did Not Impose New Economic Sanctions Against North Korea In 2017

Posted in Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

In 2017, the United Nations Security Council imposes 3 new rounds of economic sanctions against North Korea (Resolution 2397 (2017) on December 22, 2017, Resolution 2375 (2017) on September 11, 2017, and Resolution 2371 (2017) on August 5, 2017).  However, Canada has not amended existing regulations under the United Nations Act against North Korea.  Canada implements United… Continue Reading

Canada Has Many Export Controls/ Economic Sanctions Lists

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canada has made many lists and you may have to look at more than one list before exporting goods.  Which lists you must look at depends upon the destination country, the identity of buyer (including related parties), what specifically you are selling to your buyer (the good and its component parts), and the industry in… Continue Reading

Canada has posted the 2018 Consolidated Customs Tariff Schedule

Posted in Customs Law

Canada’s H.S. codes and duty rates are contained in a schedule to the Customs Tariff.  Every year, Canada publishes online the Departmental Consolidation of the Customs Tariff.  This is chapter-by-chapter files (html and pdf files) with Canada’s tariff rates and a column setting out tariff reductions under Canada’s various free trade agreements.  The 2018 Version… Continue Reading

Top 10 Anti-Bribery/Anti-Corruption Developments in Canada in 2017

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption

Canada is not known for developments in anti-bribery and anti-corruption laws.  However, 2017 has been a busy year of advancements and developments.  Looking back on 2017, persons with a real and substantial link to Canada should be more concerned about compliance with Canada’s anti-bribery laws. In you have not done so already, it is time… Continue Reading

Facilitation Payments are Bribery: Canada Finally Repeals “Facilitation Payments” Exception

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, FCPA/Anti-Corruption

Canadian anti-corruption law is now clear, facilitation or “grease” payments to foreign public officials are illegal. There used to be a gray area – some Canadian companies did not know how to approach the small payments requested by low-level officials to speed up routine government functions and Canadian compliance managers wasted much time guessing about… Continue Reading

Speak Up!: Canada Is Consulting With Canadians On Cannabis Duties And Taxes

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, cannabis, Cross-border trade, Excise Duty, Excise Tax, Imports Restrictions

On November 10, 2017, Canada’s Department of Finance made an announcement of a one month consultation process concerning the imposition of excise taxes/duties and goods and services tax (“GST”) and harmonized sales tax (“HST”) on cannabis products. Canadian stakeholders, businesses and the public have until December 7, 2017 to submit feedback as part of the Government of Canada’s… Continue Reading

What is the CPTPP?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, TPP-1, Trade Agreeements, Uncategorized

On November 10, 2017, the TransPacific Partnership Agreement (-1) was renamed the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (“CPTPP”).  Canada made an announcement about the CPTPP and the new name was used.  Canada’s announcement was made prior to the release of the Joint Statement. The CPTPP parties are Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico,… Continue Reading

Are You Asking The Right Questions When You Travel With Electronic Devices?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel

  Technology is wonderful. Laptop computers are getting lighter.  Storage capacity on laptop computers, smart phones, USB keys and other electronic devices are up in the terabytes.   You can travel with your electronic devices and no one will know you are not in the office. What this means is that we can travel with vast… Continue Reading

Canada Publishes A Consolidated SEMA Sanctions List

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

On October 12, 2017, Global Affairs Canada published a Consolidated Special Economic Measures Act Sanctions List.  Before today, Canadian companies had to review each regulation promulgated under the Special Economic Measures Act when conducting due diligence.  However, and this is important, the Global Affairs Consolidated Special Economic Measures Act Sanctions List does not include sanctions… Continue Reading

Canada’s Magnitsky Act Will Pass Third Reading Today

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Today, Canada’s House of Commons will pass at third reading Bill S-226 “An Act to provide for the taking of restrictive measures in respect of foreign nationals responsible for gross violations of internationally recognized human rights and to make related amendments to the Special Economic Measures Act and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act”. Bill S-226… Continue Reading

Global Affairs Canada Consulting Canadians on TPP-1

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, NAFTA Renegotiations, TPP-1, Trade Agreeements

On September 30, 2017, Global Affairs Canada commenced a consultation process with Canadians about on entering into a TransPacific Partnership Agreement with the remaining 11 counties (“TPP-1”).  An announcement was published in the Canada Gazette, Part 1, Volume 151, No. 39 (September 30, 2017) concerning the consultations.  On page 3759, Global Affairs published a notice… Continue Reading

Canada’s Magnitsky Act Moves Closer To Law On October 2, 2017

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Bill S-226 “An Act to provide for the taking of restrictive measures in respect of foreign nationals responsible for gross violations of internationally recognized human rights and to make related amendments to the Special Economic Measures Act and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act” to be known as “Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials… Continue Reading

Trump’s New Travel Restrictions May Affect Canadian NEXUS Cardholders From Travel Ban Countries

Posted in Immigration law, NEXUS, U.S. Federal Government

On September 24, 2017, President Trump issued “Presidential Proclamation Enhancing Vetting Capabilities and Processes for Detecting Attempted Entry Into the United States by Terrorists or Other Public-Safety Threats” (the Presidential Proclamation”) which should make Canadian dual-nationals and Canadian permanent residents from Venezuela, Chad (and North Korea, if any) with NEXUS cards nervous. Venezuela, Chad and North Korea are… Continue Reading

What Should You Do When Canada Releases A New List of Persons Subject to Economic Sanctions and Asset Freezes?

Posted in Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

On September 22, 2017, Canada did something it has not done in a while – Canada imposed unilateral economic sanctions and asset freezes against 40 officials in the Venezuelan Maduro regime.  A new list of designated persons (Canada’s term for sanctioned persons) was publicly releases – the persons against whom the unilateral economic sanctions, trade… Continue Reading

Canada Has Imposed Economic Sanctions and Asset Freezes On The Venezuelan Maduro Regime

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

On September 22, 2017, Canada has finally imposed unilateral economic sanctions on the Maduro Regime in Venezuela.  Global Affairs has issued a Press Release entitled “Canada imposes sanctions on Maduro regime in Venezuela”.  Canada has imposed unilateral targeted economic sanctions against 4o Venezuelan officials and individuals under the Special Economic Measures Act.  The Special Economic… Continue Reading

CETA Is Not NAFTA: 7 Things That Are Different In CETA

Posted in Canada-EU CETA

Today, September 21, 2017, the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (the “Canada-EU CETA”) entered into effect provisionally.  Importantly, the customs duty reductions and eliminations took effect today.  The rules of origin took effect today.  The customs procedures took effect today.  The quota requirements took effect today.  Most of the Canada-EU CETA is in… Continue Reading

The Origin Verification Process In CETA Is Different From What Canadian Businesses Are Used To

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, NAFTA, origin

Canadian businesses are used to the North American Free Trade Agreement (“NAFTA”) customs procedures for verifying certificates of origin that effectively state that exported goods are “made in Canada”. The NAFTA origin verification procedures have been adopted in most other Canadian free trade agreements. Under NAFTA, United States Customs and Border Protection (“US CBP”) officers… Continue Reading

Canada and the EU have taken the Necessary Steps for Provisional Implementation of CETA

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA

On September 7, 2017, the Canadian Governor-in-Council published in the Canada Gazette an Order-in-Council that effectively sets the date of the provisional implementation of the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (the “Canada-EU CETA”) to be September 21, 2017.  SI/2017–47 “Order fixing September 21, 2017 as the Day on which the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic… Continue Reading