North America Free Trade Agreement countries flag patch on white background.

On June 29, 2016, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, U.S. President Obama and Mexican President Peña Nieto met in Ottawa, Canada for the North American Leaders’ Summit.  Many press releases were issued – but most of the outside press related to the North American Climate, Clean Energy and Environment Partnership.  The Action Plan is

On July 1, 2016, the Safety of Life at Sea (“SOLAS”) requirement for shippers to provide steamship lines with the verified gross mass (“VGM”) of each shipment takes effect internationally.

While under development at the International Maritime Organization for years, these requirements caught many in the U.S. by surprise last summer when the deadline was

Corporate compliance programs come in all shapes and sizes and apply whether your company is privately owned or publicly traded. These internal controls take the form of accounting and audit procedures, import-export/regulatory policies, employment guidelines, ethics/anti-corruption initiatives and so on. The intent of any compliance program is to ensure that employees know what is expected

On February 24, 2016, H.R. 644 was signed into law by the President. While yet another trade-related bill was signed without any public ceremony, this new law contains a number of timely provisions. The first section deals with trade facilitation side-by-side with trade enforcement. The CBP Commissioner is directed to coordinate with the Director of

Brand new tires stacked up and isolated on white background

On January 11, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) issued D-Memorandum D19-12-2 “Importation of Tires”, which sets out Canada’s border rules on the importation of tires.  Canada wants only safe tires imported for the purpose of sale in Canada.  Canada wants safe tires on the roads in Canada.

D-Memo D-19-12-2 contains 2 Appendices. 

Canada CustomsJanuary 11, 2016 is E-Day – the day Canada will start to impose administrative monetary penalties (“AMPS”) for failure by highway carriers and rail carriers to have satisfied e-Manifest filing requirements.  What are e-Manifest requirements?  E-Manifest requirements are national security measures established by the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) and require that persons carrying cargo

On November 4, 2015, the Trudeau Government was sworn into power at Rideau Hall (that is where Canada’s Governor General lives) in Ottawa.  Prime Minister Justin Trudeau appointed his Cabinet (orders-in-council and regulations are promulgated by this group of law-makers).USA lawyers should know the following about the new Ministers (many are similar to US Secretaries, except they are all elected officials):

1. The new Minister of International Trade is Chrystia Freeland. Ms Freeland has written two books – Plutocrats: The Rise of the New Global Super-Rich and the Fall of Everyone Else in 2012 and Sale of the Century.  I suggest that US trade lawyers read these books.  Ms. Freeland also is a former journalist.  Ms. Freeland speaks many languages, including Russian and Ukrainian.

2. The new Minister of Foreign Affairs is Stéphane Dion: Mr. Dion was previously Prime Minister and leader of the Liberal Party (after PM Paul Martin).  Mr. Dion will likely not be as ideological as John Baird and unilateral economic sanctions may not be his preferred approach to world issues.

3. The new Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness is Ralph Goodale.  The Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness overseas the Canada Border Services Agency. Mr. Goodale held position in previous Liberal governments.  He understands the issue of security.

4.  The new Minister of Environment and Climate Change is Catherine McKenna.  Ms. McKenna is a lawyer.  I do not wish to be disrespectful to her in my next comment – I must keep it authentic.  The most interesting aspect of her appointment is the name change of the Ministry itself – the Ministry now has “Climate Change” in the name.  Words must have meaning – no? I think that Ms. McKenna will be taking Canada in a different direction in a few weeks in Paris.

5. The new Minister of Justice is Jody Wilson-Raybould.  Ms. Wilson-Raybould has an impressive resume; but it is who she is that is very interesting. Ms. Wilson-Raybould’s ancestors are Kwakwaka’wakw, one of Canada’s indigenous peoples.

6. The new Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development is Navdeep Bains.  Mr. Bains holds the portfolio that used to be known as Minister of Industry (portfolio includes Industry Canada).  I know Mr. Bain and he is very intelligent and personable. His Deparment will be responsible for the new Investment Canada reviews under the Canada-EU CETA and the TPP.

7. Half of the Cabinet positions are women.  This is because there are many capable women who ran for the Liberal Party and were elected.

8. Many of the Ministers are young.  Prime Minister Trudeau is 43 years old (he will be 44 on Christmas Day). But, do not underestimate them – young people have more energy – the world will have to keep up.

9. The Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada is now called Global Affairs Canada.

10. Citizenship and Immigration Canada is now called Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada.

11. Industry Canada is now called Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada.

12. Public Works and Government Services Canada is now called Public Services and Procurement Canada.

13. Environment Canada is now called Environment and Climate Change Canada.

The complete list of Cabinet is:


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