Many QuestionsOn May 12, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) released revised D-Memorandum D11-4-20 “Procedures for Verifications of Origin Under Free Trade Agreements”. The overall objective of an free trade agreement verification is to confirm that products covered by a certificate of origin completed by the exporter or producer qualify as originating in accordance with


Most Canadian businesses that sell goods to the United States know that the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (USCBP) may want to someday verify their NAFTA certificates of origin (if they are provided).

NAFTA Article 506 sets out the authority for each Party to NAFTA (Canada, Mexico and the United States) to conduct verifications