Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: Trade Remedies

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Walking the North Korean Tightrope

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Transportation

On September 21, 2017, President Trump issued an Executive Order (yet to be numbered) (“EO”) imposing additional sanctions on North Korea. It took affect the next day. The general press has quoted Treasury Secretary Mnuchin as stating: “Foreign financial institutions are now on notice that going forward they can choose to do business with the… Continue Reading

Solar Flare Up with China

Posted in Antidumping, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Two actions took place at the end of last week which heighten concerns that a trade war with China could be ever more likely.  First, there was the preliminary decision in the solar panels 201 case.  Then, we had the additional sanctions imposed by the President on North Korea. The 201 solar panel case began… Continue Reading

CBP : Old Issues / New Tricks!

Posted in Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, origin, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in September 2017. As the scoundrels of the world are ever more creative with their attempts to circumvent the law, Customs and Border Protection (CBP) responds by implementing new tools.  One new tool is worth considering and one existing tool is worth revisiting. The new enforcement tool is… Continue Reading

Why The U.S. Should Want To Keep NAFTA Chapter 19: Canada’s FCA Significantly Limits Judicial Review in Trade Remedies Cases

Posted in Antidumping, Legal Developments, NAFTA Renegotiations, Trade Remedies

On August 29, 2017, Canada’s Federal Court of Appeal (the second highest court in Canada) issued two decisions dismissing two judicial reviews (one filed by a Korean exporter and the other filed by a Canadian producer) of Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) antidumping calculations on grounds of a lack of jurisdiction.  These cases and the… Continue Reading

Expect Softwood Lumber Breakthrough During NAFTA Modernization Round 3

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, NAFTA, NAFTA Renegotiations, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government

Let’s set out the target date of importance: Round 3 of the NAFTA Modernization/Renegotiation meetings will take place in Ottawa, Canada between September 23-27, 2017. Round 1 took place in Washington D.C. between August 16-20, 2017 and Round 2 will take place in Mexico City between September 1-5 in Mexico City, Mexico. Under U.S. law, the… Continue Reading

What Should Canadian Companies Due Between NAFTA Modernization Rounds?

Posted in Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Government Procurement, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, International Arbitrations, NAFTA, NAFTA Chapter 11, NAFTA Renegotiations, Politics, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

In the week of August 16, 2017, Canada’s NAFTA modernization team met in Washington D.C. with the United States Trade Representative’s NAFTA renegotiation team and Mexico’s NAFTA modernization team. At the end of the meeting, they issued a Trilateral Statement on the Conclusion of NAFTA Round One and indicated that Round Two will be held in… Continue Reading

Canada Initiates New Antidumping/Subsidy Case Against PET Resin from China, Oman, India and Pakistan

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Trade Remedies

On August 18, 2017, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) issued a Notice of Initiation stating that it has initiated both an antidumping investigation and a subsidy investigation against PET Resin from China, India, Oman and Pakistan. The subject goods are defined as follows: “Polyethylene terephthalate (“PET”) resin having an intrinsic viscosity of at least… Continue Reading

What is in a Name?

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Uncategorized

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in August 2017. We are now a few months (almost 7) into Mr. Trump’s Presidency and it is still not clear  – what is the Administration’s trade policy?   The general press is rife with stories about the warring factions within the Administration – those who xenophobically want to… Continue Reading

Trading with China – New Reasons To Be Wary!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Labour, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Yesterday, August 2, 2017, President Trump signed into law H.R. 3364, the “Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act”.  The general press is covering this story by writing about Russia’s initial retaliation taking the form of cutting the staff authorized at the U.S. embassy in Moscow and the seizure of certain U.S. diplomatic property within Russia. … Continue Reading

NAFTA Chapter 19 Bi-National Panel Review Process Used Rarely By Canada/US; BUT Remains Needed

Posted in NAFTA Renegotiations, Trade Remedies

Let’s face an incontrovertible fact – in the last 10 years, there are have been very few NAFTA Chapter 19 Bi-national Panels convened in respect of Canada-US & US-Canada trade remedies.  Yes, there have been a few softwood lumber cases (prior to the last 10 years by the way). But, the reality is that, in… Continue Reading

The Antidumping Wiggle!

Posted in Antidumping, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce, July 2017 No, this is not the latest Internet craze, but rather evidence of just how persistently Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is enforcing antidumping evasion in the U.S.  It has been routine for CBP to send Requests for Information  to importers seeking production records establishing the individual… Continue Reading

Canada’s New AD/CVD Scope Ruling Process Allows The CBSA To Expand Subject Goods Definition

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Trade Remedies

Canada has added a new “Scope Ruling” process to Canada’s antidumping/countervailing duty regime in Bill C-44 “An Act to implement certain provisions of the budget tabled in Parliament on March 22, 2017 and other measures” (also known as “Budget Implementation Act, 2017, No. 1”). Bill C-44 received Royal Assent on June 22, 2017.  The “other measures” include… Continue Reading

A Reason For Foreign Producers To Participate In Canada’s Trade Remedies Cases

Posted in Antidumping, Trade Remedies

Bill C-44 “An Act to implement certain provisions of the budget tabled in Parliament on March 22, 2017 and other measures” (also known as “Budget Implementation Act, 2017, No. 1”) has received Royal Assent (on June 22, 2017).  The “other measures” include amendments to the Special Import Measures Act (Canada’s trade remedies law).  The measures… Continue Reading

Three Notices of Application For Judicial Review Filed Against CITT FISC Decision

Posted in Antidumping, Trade Remedies

On May 25, 2017, the Canadian International Trade Tribunal (“CITT”) made an AD Order in respect of fabricated industrial steel components (“FISC”) originating in or exported from China, South Korea and Spain and made a CVD Order in respect of FISC originating in or exported from China.  On June 9, 2017, the CITT issued its… Continue Reading

Seth Godin’s “On Pie” Applies To Market Access And The World Pie

Posted in Agriculture, Antidumping, Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-China FTA, Canada-EU CETA, Canada-Ukraine FTA, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Exports, Imports Restrictions, NAFTA Renegotiations, Personal Comments, Politics, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government, World Trade Organization

On April 6, 2017, Seth Godin posted “On Pie” on his blog.  I have thought about what Seth Godin wrote in “On Pie” many times when Canada, US or Canada-US trade issues arise, such as the Softwood Lumber AD/CVD Dispute, the 232 Steel Case, the 232 Aluminum Case, the Canadian FISC AD/CVD Case, NAFTA renegotiation, etc…. Continue Reading

Should Canada Be Concerned About The Pending U.S. Section 232 Steel Report And Punishing Tariffs?

Posted in Antidumping, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government

Yes, Canada should be very concerned about the Section 232 Report on steel, which is due to be issued this week (but may be released next week after July 4, 2017).  By way of background, on April 19, 2017, the U.S. Department of Commerce initiated a section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962… Continue Reading

Parliamentary Committee Makes 8 Recommendations Regarding Canada’s Steel Industry

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, Trade Remedies

On June 15, 2017, the Standing Committee on International Trade released Report No. 7 “The Canadian Steel Industry’s Ability to Compete Internationally”.  This Report is helpful to Canadian steel producers and not very helpful to steel importers.  China will not be pleased to read that the Committee recommends non-market economy status remain in place in… Continue Reading

Canada Initiates New Antidumping Case Against Carbon And Alloy Steel Line Pipe From South Korea

Posted in Antidumping, Trade Remedies

On June 8, 2017, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) issued a Notice of Initiation stating that it has initiated an antidumping case against carbon and alloy steel line pipe from South Korea.  This is not the first line pipe case.  In 2016, the CBSA initiated an antidumping case against line pipe from China and… Continue Reading

Exporters Who Receive De Minimis Dumping Margins in Canadian AD Cases Now Being Excluded From Final Orders

Posted in Antidumping, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

Foreign producers and exporters who receive a de minimis dumping margin (2% or less) in a Canadian antidumping case are now being excluded from final injury orders (that is, final orders for the imposition of antidumping duties).  What this means is that any foreign producer or exporter who priced at undumped levels (above domestic selling… Continue Reading

Romaine Calm: FSVP is Approaching

Posted in Agriculture, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Does FSVP Apply to You? Are you the importer, consignee, or agent for food imported into the United States?  If so, the Foreign Supplier Verification Program for Importers of Food for Humans and Animals (FSVP), a key element of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), likely applies to you.  Implementation of the FSVP will begin… Continue Reading

Foreign Supplier Verification Program Deadline Looms – Are You Ready?

Posted in Agriculture, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Uncategorized

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in May 2017. When the Food Safety Modernization Act took effect in January 2011, there were many parts of it which would take time to figure out.  FDA made a point of trying to work with the importing community so that when it rolled out the various regulations… Continue Reading

Buy American Executive Order

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

On April 18th, President Trump issued an Executive Order (“EO” or “Order”) focused on the Buy American  laws and regulations. See Buy American EO.  This EO directs federal government entities to review their procurement rules so that, to the extent legally permitted, preference is given to American made goods.  Section 2 specifically states: “[i]t shall… Continue Reading

In the Eye of the Beholder

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

First published by the Journal of Commerce – April 2017 The first tangible indications of what trade policy might actually look like under the Trump Administration have been released. After excoriating NAFTA as the “worst trade deal ever” and quickly withdrawing the U.S. from the TransPacific Partnership, which was already dead, we are now starting… Continue Reading

Iran Sanctions – Tit for Tat?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Harmonization, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Politics, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

On Sunday, March 26, 2017, the Iranian State Agency (IRNA) announced the imposition of sanctions by Iran on 15 American companies.  While the move is widely seen as Iran responding to recent and on-going enforcement action taken in the U.S., such action is certainly creating ever more complex circumstances in the region. In explaining the… Continue Reading