Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: NAFTA

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Buy American Executive Order

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

On April 18th, President Trump issued an Executive Order (“EO” or “Order”) focused on the Buy American  laws and regulations. See Buy American EO.  This EO directs federal government entities to review their procurement rules so that, to the extent legally permitted, preference is given to American made goods.  Section 2 specifically states: “[i]t shall… Continue Reading

In the Eye of the Beholder

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

First published by the Journal of Commerce – April 2017 The first tangible indications of what trade policy might actually look like under the Trump Administration have been released. After excoriating NAFTA as the “worst trade deal ever” and quickly withdrawing the U.S. from the TransPacific Partnership, which was already dead, we are now starting… Continue Reading

What Will Trudeau Talk To Trump About?

Posted in Agriculture, Border Security, Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Government Procurement, Harmonization, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, Labour, NAFTA, Softwood Lumber, State Governments, Trade Agreeements, U.S. Federal Government

On February 13, 2017, Prime Minister Trudeau will travel to the United States to visit with President Trump. The most important topic for discussion is that Canada-United States relationship. The most important goal is to ensure that trading relationshiop remains strong. This is a fun post, which is based on trade issues between Canada and the… Continue Reading

What Is On Your NAFTA Renegotiation Wish List?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Government Procurement, GST/HST, Immigration law, Intellectual Property, Labour, NAFTA, NAFTA Chapter 11, origin, Politics, Provincial Governments, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, U.S. Federal Government

President Trump has said that he wants to renegotiate NAFTA.  Rather than taking a negative view of change, ask yourself “What is on my NAFTA Renegotation Wish List?”.  What changes to NAFTA could benefit your business?  What improvements to NAFTA can save your business money?  What adjustments will improve your business’ supply chain?  What should… Continue Reading

NAFTA Rules of Origin Renegotiation – Make Trump An Offer He Cannot Refuse

Posted in Cross-border trade, Customs Law, NAFTA, NAFTA Chapter 11, origin, Trade Agreeements, Uncategorized

The Trump Administration has signaled that one of first areas of interest for North American Free Trade Agreement (“NAFTA”) renegotiation is the rules of origin.  Rules of origin are boring, technical rules in Annex 401, which are permit goods to receive preferential duty-free treatment.  Only goods that originate in a NAFTA country are entitled to… Continue Reading

What Does The Election of President Trump Mean For Canada?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Elections, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Immigration law, NAFTA, Softwood Lumber, State Governments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

On November 8, 2016, Donald Trump was elected President of the United States.  What does this mean for Canadian businesses in terms of trade? President-elect Trump has said he is opposed to the TransPacific Partnership Agreement (“TPP”).  It is highly unlikely that TPP will be ratified.  Canada will have to negotiate strategic bilateral free trade… Continue Reading

SME Importing and Exporting Toolkits Posted on the CBSA Website

Posted in AMPs, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, GST/HST, Imports Restrictions, NAFTA, NEXUS, origin, tariff classification, valuation

On August 22, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) posted on its website toolkits for small to medium sized enterprises.  The toolkits cover (1) importing, (2) exporting, (3) other CBSA resources, (4) other governmental resources and (5) contact information.  However, the CBSA did not include the posting of the toolkits in its “Latest News”… Continue Reading

Making NAFTA Relevant Again! Why Did The Chicken Not Cross The Border?

Posted in Cross-border trade, Imports Restrictions, NAFTA, tariff classification, Uncategorized

Canada’s Minister of Agriculture, Mr. MacAulay, has said that five Canadian companies have lost their certification to import chicken, stemming from another trade problem related to U.S. imports. The revocations of import privileges relate to mislabeling of good chicken as spent fowl.  An investigation was started after a surge in imports of high-quality made-for-meat “broiler”… Continue Reading

Making NAFTA Relevant Again! A Look At Certificates of Origin.

Posted in Cross-border trade, Customs Law, NAFTA, origin, tariff classification, valuation

Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton talked about the North American Free Trade Agreement (“NAFTA”) during the U.S. Presidential Debate on September 26th.  Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton spoke about NAFTA during the primaries and on the campaign trail.  NAFTA is relevant again!  This is good for customs lawyers and trade lawyers.  With all this talk… Continue Reading

What Should Canadians Listen For While Watching the U.S. Presidential Debate

Posted in Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Elections, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Immigration law, NAFTA, NAFTA Chapter 11, Politics, Softwood Lumber, State Courts, State Governments, Tax, Trade Agreeements, U.S. Federal Government, U.S. Supreme Court, World Trade Organization

Tonight is the first U.S. Presidential Debate.  Every 4 years, Canadian bureaucrats and those interested in politics watch the debates looking for clues as to what good and bad may be coming.  I thought it would be useful to make a list, from the perspective of a Canadian trade lawyer, of what Canadians should listen… Continue Reading

Twelve Action Items Coming Out Of The Three Amigos June 29, 2016 NAFTA Meeting

Posted in Antidumping, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, NAFTA, NEXUS, Politics, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, Transportation, U.S. Federal Government

On June 29, 2016, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, U.S. President Obama and Mexican President Peña Nieto met in Ottawa, Canada for the North American Leaders’ Summit.  Many press releases were issued – but most of the outside press related to the North American Climate, Clean Energy and Environment Partnership.  The Action Plan is yet… Continue Reading

A Trade War Is Coming: Canada and United States Talk Softwood Lumber at the NAFTA Leaders Summit

Posted in Antidumping, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, NAFTA, Softwood Lumber, Trade Remedies, Uncategorized

On June 30, 2016, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and President Obama issued a Joint Statement on Softwood Lumber.  This is a historic/ongoing trade irritant that could escalate into a trade war on October 12, 2016. After October 13, 2016, the United States may initiate new antidumping and countervailing duty investigations against softwood lumber from Canada. … Continue Reading

Costs of Compliance –The Missing Element

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, NAFTA, origin, tariff classification, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government, valuation

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in May 2016 Only three (3) years ago, when Tom Winkowski was Acting Commissioner of Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) and John Morton the Director of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”), both of them acknowledged publicly how their respective agencies had lost such significant depths of knowledge and… Continue Reading

The Art of Self Defense

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Constitutional Law, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Cybersecurity and Privacy, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, International Arbitrations, Legal Developments, NAFTA, origin, tariff classification, Tax, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Transportation, valuation, World Trade Organization

Corporate compliance programs come in all shapes and sizes and apply whether your company is privately owned or publicly traded. These internal controls take the form of accounting and audit procedures, import-export/regulatory policies, employment guidelines, ethics/anti-corruption initiatives and so on. The intent of any compliance program is to ensure that employees know what is expected… Continue Reading

New Customs Bill Becomes Law

Posted in Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Government Procurement, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, NAFTA, origin, tariff classification, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Transportation, valuation

On February 24, 2016, H.R. 644 was signed into law by the President. While yet another trade-related bill was signed without any public ceremony, this new law contains a number of timely provisions. The first section deals with trade facilitation side-by-side with trade enforcement. The CBP Commissioner is directed to coordinate with the Director of… Continue Reading

Why Are Companies Not Taking Advantage of FTA Benefits?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Harmonization, NAFTA, U.S. Federal Government

According to a Thomson Reuters-KPMG International Survey/Report, 70% of multi-national companies surveyed are not fully utilizing the benefits under existing free trade agreements (FTAs).  The problem has been reported to be complex and disparate compliance requirements in home jurisdictions and other jurisdictions. As an international trade lawyer, I hear this often.  Many North American multi-national… Continue Reading

Customs Is Again Getting Overly Creative

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Remedies

In late October 2014, Customs and Border Protection (CBP) issued a guidance message in which it laid down new rules regarding post-importation/post-entry claims for duty preference and duty reduction programs – see CSMS re PEA/1520(d) Claims for the exact text. Specifically, CBP decided unless the program under which the duty free claim is being made… Continue Reading

Compliance is the Key – No Surprise!

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published  in the January 2015 Journal of Commerce on-line Last week, Women in International Trade in Orange County presented a half  day program that featured speakers from Customs and Border Protection, the Food & Drug Administration, Consumer Products Safety Commission and U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.  The luncheon speakers were two Assistant United States Attorneys…. Continue Reading

Customs Is Again Getting Overly Creative

Posted in Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements

In late October 2014, Customs and Border Protection (CBP) issued a guidance message in which it laid down new rules regarding post-importation/post-entry claims for duty preference  and duty reduction programs – see http://www.cbp.gov/sites/default/files/documents/CSMS%20message_Post%20entry%20preference%20claims.pdf for the exact text. Specifically, CBP decided unless the program under which the duty free claim is being made specifically contains a post-entry… Continue Reading

Court of Appeals for Federal Circuit (CAFC) Issues Decision In U.S. v. Trek Leather – Corporate Officer Held Liable

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Border Security, Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Transportation

Yesterday, the CAFC issued its en banc decision in the U.S. v. Trek Leather case.  The Court held the President of the company liable for gross negligence due to his own actions, even if he is an agent of the company. By way of background, the case originated as a penalty action by Customs and… Continue Reading

Cybersecurity

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Intellectual Property, NAFTA, Transportation

Originally published in the Journal of Commerce in May 2014. The word cybersecurity causes shudders in the hearts of anyone in the etailing business, and one need to look no further than Target, Michaels, eBay and Neiman Marcus for the latest examples of significant consumer data theft. Unfortunately, cybersecurity and the thought of data being… Continue Reading

Tips For Conducting An Internal Investigation

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Border Security, Buy America, Constitutional Law, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-Border Real Estate, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Intellectual Property, Labour, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Transportation

Perhaps your computer system was hacked. Maybe you opened a container to find goods in it that did not belong to you (thank goodness they were not dangerous) or perhaps no goods but evidence people lived in the container while it was en route to the U.S., or you found sizable payments made to questionable… Continue Reading

Customs Broker Convicted

Posted in Criminal Law, Customs Law, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

As Customs and Border Protection (CBP) continues its efforts to modernize the regulatory framework which governs customs brokerage, disturbing news has again arise about misdeeds by one customs broker. Specifically, Alejandro Santos of Laredo, Texas has pled guilty to three counts: entry of goods falsely classified (misstating country of origin to reduce duty) (18 U.S.C…. Continue Reading