Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: Legal Developments

Subscribe to Legal Developments RSS Feed

What is in a Name?

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Uncategorized

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in August 2017. We are now a few months (almost 7) into Mr. Trump’s Presidency and it is still not clear  – what is the Administration’s trade policy?   The general press is rife with stories about the warring factions within the Administration – those who xenophobically want to… Continue Reading

Trading with China – New Reasons To Be Wary!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Labour, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Yesterday, August 2, 2017, President Trump signed into law H.R. 3364, the “Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act”.  The general press is covering this story by writing about Russia’s initial retaliation taking the form of cutting the staff authorized at the U.S. embassy in Moscow and the seizure of certain U.S. diplomatic property within Russia. … Continue Reading

The Antidumping Wiggle!

Posted in Antidumping, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce, July 2017 No, this is not the latest Internet craze, but rather evidence of just how persistently Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is enforcing antidumping evasion in the U.S.  It has been routine for CBP to send Requests for Information  to importers seeking production records establishing the individual… Continue Reading

Compliance Confusion !!!!

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Legal Developments

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in June 2017 Even in the current environment, there remains massive confusion about what is and is not permitted under U.S. law when it comes to trading with Cuba and Iran.  The President is expected in the next few days to reverse some of the openings created by… Continue Reading

Foreign Supplier Verification Program Deadline Looms – Are You Ready?

Posted in Agriculture, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Uncategorized

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in May 2017. When the Food Safety Modernization Act took effect in January 2011, there were many parts of it which would take time to figure out.  FDA made a point of trying to work with the importing community so that when it rolled out the various regulations… Continue Reading

Buy American Executive Order

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

On April 18th, President Trump issued an Executive Order (“EO” or “Order”) focused on the Buy American  laws and regulations. See Buy American EO.  This EO directs federal government entities to review their procurement rules so that, to the extent legally permitted, preference is given to American made goods.  Section 2 specifically states: “[i]t shall… Continue Reading

In the Eye of the Beholder

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

First published by the Journal of Commerce – April 2017 The first tangible indications of what trade policy might actually look like under the Trump Administration have been released. After excoriating NAFTA as the “worst trade deal ever” and quickly withdrawing the U.S. from the TransPacific Partnership, which was already dead, we are now starting… Continue Reading

Iran Sanctions – Tit for Tat?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Harmonization, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Politics, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

On Sunday, March 26, 2017, the Iranian State Agency (IRNA) announced the imposition of sanctions by Iran on 15 American companies.  While the move is widely seen as Iran responding to recent and on-going enforcement action taken in the U.S., such action is certainly creating ever more complex circumstances in the region. In explaining the… Continue Reading

DOJ Defines Compliance

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

In the span of the last 18 months, the topic of corporate compliance programs has gotten considerable attention from the Department of Justice  (“DOJ”) and now finally, DOJ has published significant details about how it is likely to measure the sufficiency of any company’s compliance program. First, some background.  In September 2015, the Yates memo… Continue Reading

The Canada Border Services Is Getting Authority To Open All Cross-Border Mail

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-Border Real Estate, Cross-border trade, Currency Reporting, Customs Law, Legal Developments, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering, Tax

The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) has statutory authority in subsection 99(1) of the Customs Act to open goods that are being imported – this includes letters and packages. Currently, most packages can be opened, including legal documents sent by a law firm to another law firm or a client.  A few years ago I… Continue Reading

Trump and Trade

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Elections, Government Procurement, Harmonization, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in February 2017 In the first two weeks of the new Trump Administration, all international traders want to talk about, and with good reason, is where does the new President really stand on trade? On the one hand, he has taken advantage of trading opportunities to generate profits… Continue Reading

Canada Commences “Food Safety for Canadians Regulations” Consultation Process

Posted in Agriculture, Cross-border trade, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments

On January 21 2017, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency commenced a consultation regarding proposed “Food Safety for Canadians Regulations”.  The proposed Regulations is lengthy and affects imports and importers of food products.  This is not meant to suggest that imports are unfairly targeted – this is not the case.  Inter-provincial trade in food products and exports… Continue Reading

Canada’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Has Broad Export Controls Discretion Says Federal Court

Posted in Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Legal Developments

On January 24, 2017, the Federal Court of Canada issued its judicial review decision in Daniel Turp v. The Minister of Foreign Affairs, T-462-16.  The Federal Court dismissed an application for judicial review of the decision of the Minister of Foreign Affairs to approve an export permit in respect of the export of General Dynamics… Continue Reading

Russian Election Hacking – The Cyber Story

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cybersecurity and Privacy, Elections, Politics, U.S. Federal Government

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in January 2017 The Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on January 5, 2017 was an opportunity to learn what the intelligence community determined regarding cyber-attacks related to the 2016 Presidential election.  For those of us having to deal with the potential consequences to our businesses, it was the… Continue Reading

A Country Divided!

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce, December 2016. Even prior to the election, it was clear the U.S. is a country divided. We are now several weeks removed from the election and the shame of the situation is not one so-called political leader has made any statements which give hope of uniting the country…. Continue Reading

CBP C-TPAT Top Ten Tips for Points of Contact

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Legal Developments

Thanks to one of the CBP Supply Chain Security Specialists for sharing this top ten list for portal points of contract – make sure:  All Point of Contacts in web portal are current.  All your C-TPAT partners SVI numbers are listed in the web portal field.  You have a list of all your non-C-TPAT global… Continue Reading

It’s All About Compliance – Part 1 – Value

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, valuation

This Alert is one in an occasional series of articles providing tips about various topics which arise routinely with import and export transactions.  These tips are published with the intention to aid international traders in their on-going efforts to get their declarations right the first time, and are based on situations we commonly see occurring…. Continue Reading

What Are The Steps Canada Follows To Ratify And Implement A Treaty?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Constitutional Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements

On October 30, 2016, Canada participated in a signing ceremony for the Canada-EU Comprehensive and Trade Agreement (“CETA”).  What steps must Canada take to implement a free trade agreement (or any treaty) in Canadian law? Step 1: Signing Order (Instrument of Full Powers): This step should be taken befor the signing ceremony. A signing order… Continue Reading

What Is A CITT Section 18 Reference?

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Legal Developments, Trade Remedies

On October 17, 2016, Canada’s Department of Finance announced that the Government of Canada had asked the Canadian International Trade Tribunal (“CITT”) to conduct an inquiry (actually, it is a Reference) in respect of the antidumping case involving gypsum board from the United States and imported into Western Canada in order to hear from a… Continue Reading

Make Your Hanjin Bankruptcy Claims Now!

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Legal Developments, Transportation

There is a lot of press coverage about the Hanjin bankruptcy, but very little of it provides tangible facts for traders to rely on.  One thing we know for sure is Hanjin filed a Chapter 15 bankruptcy in the U.S. What that means is the U.S. bankruptcy court will defer to the Korean bankruptcy court… Continue Reading

How Canadian! The Supreme Court of Canada’s First Tariff Classification Decision Is For Hockey Gloves

Posted in Customs Law, Legal Developments, tariff classification

On September 29, 2016, hours before Canada won the World Cup of Hockey, the Supreme Court of Canada issued its first tariff classification decision since Canada signed the International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System in 1998. At the heart of the decision was the proper tariff classification for goalie gloves, known… Continue Reading

ACE Allows For Stricter Customs Enforcement

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally Published by the Journal of Commerce in August 2016 In the face of its recent reorganization and enhanced computer system, it was really only a matter of time before the trade community started to see Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) better organize its enforcement efforts, and now the first tangible step has been publicly… Continue Reading

Undervaluation of Goods Can Lead to Criminal Charges And Conviction In Canada

Posted in AMPs, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Legal Developments, origin, tariff classification, valuation

On August 5, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) posted on the CBSA web-site a News Release entitled “Dartmouth store owner charged for falsifying documents and undervaluing shipments”. This News Release should cause Canadian business owners who import goods and/or general counsel of companies that import goods to ask important questions: “Is my import… Continue Reading

Can The CBSA Ask For Your Passwords?

Posted in Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Legal Developments, NEXUS

The answer is, “Yes”, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) can ask for your passwords.  Not only can the CBSA ask for your passwords, the CBSA does ask for passwords.  Not only does the CBSA ask for passwords, the CBSA will unlock your cell phones, mobile phones, smart phones, computers, etc and look at/review your… Continue Reading