Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: Intellectual Property

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DOJ Defines Compliance

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

In the span of the last 18 months, the topic of corporate compliance programs has gotten considerable attention from the Department of Justice  (“DOJ”) and now finally, DOJ has published significant details about how it is likely to measure the sufficiency of any company’s compliance program. First, some background.  In September 2015, the Yates memo… Continue Reading

Canada Commences Consultations Regarding A Canada-China Free Trade Agreement

Posted in Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-China FTA, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-Border Real Estate, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Government Procurement, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, International Arbitrations, Labour, origin, tariff classification, valuation

On March 4, 2017, Global Affairs Canada announced consultations concerning a possible free trade agreement between Canada and China.   Consultations means that Global Affairs Canada is consulting with Canadian interested stakeholders (the free trade agreement negotiations have not started yet – Canada is in a preliminary exploratory stage). Global Affairs Canada has posted information on… Continue Reading

What Is On Your NAFTA Renegotiation Wish List?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Government Procurement, GST/HST, Immigration law, Intellectual Property, Labour, NAFTA, NAFTA Chapter 11, origin, Politics, Provincial Governments, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, U.S. Federal Government

President Trump has said that he wants to renegotiate NAFTA.  Rather than taking a negative view of change, ask yourself “What is on my NAFTA Renegotation Wish List?”.  What changes to NAFTA could benefit your business?  What improvements to NAFTA can save your business money?  What adjustments will improve your business’ supply chain?  What should… Continue Reading

A Country Divided!

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce, December 2016. Even prior to the election, it was clear the U.S. is a country divided. We are now several weeks removed from the election and the shame of the situation is not one so-called political leader has made any statements which give hope of uniting the country…. Continue Reading

Importing Goods From China: Three Things You Must Do To Minimize Border Costs

Posted in Antidumping, Customs Law, GST/HST, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, origin, tariff classification, Trade Remedies, valuation

Canadian businesses, small, medium and large import goods from China. It is a reality in a globalized supply chain.  Many Canadian businesses buy Chinese-origin goods from suppliers in a third country (e.g., the United States). Most businesses understand that they must pay all applicable customs duties at the time of importation.  Many companies understand that… Continue Reading

What Are The Pros And Cons Of Being A Non-Resident Importer Into Canada?

Posted in Cross-border trade, Customs Law, GST/HST, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, origin, Sales Taxes, tariff classification, valuation

The Internet enables foreign companies to market and sell to Canadian consumers without setting up in Canada.  A common question of foreign sellers with opportunities to sell to Canadians is “Should I sell into Canada as a non-resident importer?” Before answering this question, we must go back to the basics. What is an importer?  The… Continue Reading

Privacy Shield Takes More Hits

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Border Security, Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Energy, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Intellectual Property, Labour, Legal Developments, Tribunals

Just in the last week, both the European Parliament and the European Data Protection Supervisor (“EDPS”) published findings holding the currently proposed EU-US Privacy Shield to be seriously deficient, and calling for further negotiations to deal with those “holes”. On May 26, 2016, the European Parliament passed a resolution, see EU Parliament Resolution, basically saying… Continue Reading

Everyone Deserves To Have Secrets – Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments

On May 11, 2016, President Obama signed into law the Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 (DTSA) which brought with it a new era of accountability and expediency in protecting employers’ intellectual property. Whether proprietary lines of code in a software program, the secret recipe for fried chicken or highly-valued customer lists, “trade secrets” provide… Continue Reading

Costs of Compliance –The Missing Element

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, NAFTA, origin, tariff classification, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government, valuation

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in May 2016 Only three (3) years ago, when Tom Winkowski was Acting Commissioner of Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) and John Morton the Director of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”), both of them acknowledged publicly how their respective agencies had lost such significant depths of knowledge and… Continue Reading

The Art of Self Defense

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Constitutional Law, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Cybersecurity and Privacy, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, International Arbitrations, Legal Developments, NAFTA, origin, tariff classification, Tax, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Transportation, valuation, World Trade Organization

Corporate compliance programs come in all shapes and sizes and apply whether your company is privately owned or publicly traded. These internal controls take the form of accounting and audit procedures, import-export/regulatory policies, employment guidelines, ethics/anti-corruption initiatives and so on. The intent of any compliance program is to ensure that employees know what is expected… Continue Reading

New Customs Bill Is Now Law

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Government Procurement, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Remedies

Originally published in the Journal of Commerce in March 2016 On February 24, 2016, President Obama signed into law H.R. 644. Entitled the “Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015,” it contains a good many technical revisions to existing Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) processes, procedures, laws and regulations. Much more is included, so… Continue Reading

Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 and Intellectual Property Rights

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Government Procurement, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Remedies

This article was co-authored with Kevin M. Rosenbaum of MS&K. On February 24, 2016, President Obama signed into law the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015, PL 114-125 (TFTEA), which includes an assortment of trade facilitation and trade enforcement provisions, including a number of provisions focused on intellectual property rights (IPR). Section III… Continue Reading

New Customs Bill Becomes Law

Posted in Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Government Procurement, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, NAFTA, origin, tariff classification, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Transportation, valuation

On February 24, 2016, H.R. 644 was signed into law by the President. While yet another trade-related bill was signed without any public ceremony, this new law contains a number of timely provisions. The first section deals with trade facilitation side-by-side with trade enforcement. The CBP Commissioner is directed to coordinate with the Director of… Continue Reading

Trans-Pacific Partnership: Bane or Boon?

Posted in Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, origin, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in November 2015 As every international trader worth his/her salt knows, the text of the Trans-Pacific Partnership was released on November 5th. Given word from the Executive Branch is the agreement is still being “scrubbed”, it is reasonable to conclude the text is not yet final, but is… Continue Reading

Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations Concluded – Now What?

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, origin, Trade Agreeements

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in October 2015 With the news the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations have been successfully concluded, the obvious question is what is next? The Republican leadership in the House of Representatives is in chaos. As we go to press, the presumptive new Speaker has withdrawn, the caucus is coming… Continue Reading

Get Your Intellectual Property Rights Requests For Assistance On Record At The CBSA

Posted in Cross-border trade, Intellectual Property

On November 2, 2015, the Canada Border Services Agency released D-Memorandum D19-4-3 “Copyright and Trade-marks”. Until recently, Canada has not had a mechanism to detain counterfeit or pirated goods at the border.  On January 1, 2015, the Combating Counterfeit Product Act (“CCPA”), which amended sections of the Copyright Act and Trade-marks Act came into effect… Continue Reading

The Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement Should Be Ratified in 2016

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Government Procurement, Intellectual Property, Labour, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements

When I say that the Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement “should be ratified in 2016”, it is an opinion that it would be beneficial for ratification to occur.  I do not have any inside knowledge about the new Trudeau Government’s plans. In fact, we have heard very little from PM Justin Trudeau or Canada’s new Trade… Continue Reading

Canada is a Party to the Historic Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Government Procurement, Intellectual Property, International Arbitrations, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements

On October 5, 2015, the trade ministers of Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Vietnam and the United States signed the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP).  TPP is a historic trade agreement.  TPP is a comprehensive trade agreement. For Canada, TPP represents a trade agreement with new parties (Australia, Brunei, Japan,… Continue Reading

Cybersecurity

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Intellectual Property, NAFTA, Transportation

Originally published in the Journal of Commerce in May 2014. The word cybersecurity causes shudders in the hearts of anyone in the etailing business, and one need to look no further than Target, Michaels, eBay and Neiman Marcus for the latest examples of significant consumer data theft. Unfortunately, cybersecurity and the thought of data being… Continue Reading

Tips For Conducting An Internal Investigation

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Border Security, Buy America, Constitutional Law, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-Border Real Estate, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Intellectual Property, Labour, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Transportation

Perhaps your computer system was hacked. Maybe you opened a container to find goods in it that did not belong to you (thank goodness they were not dangerous) or perhaps no goods but evidence people lived in the container while it was en route to the U.S., or you found sizable payments made to questionable… Continue Reading

He Said What?

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Customs Law, Intellectual Property, Politics

An issue that frustrates trademark and copyright holders in all industries is counterfeit goods. It is commonly understood that many of the imported counterfeit goods coming to the U.S. originate in China. In fact, the seizure statistics released by CBP and ICE bear that out. According to those numbers, for the 2011 fiscal year, there… Continue Reading

Importing and Exporting Copyrighted Grey Market Goods

Posted in Border Security, Cross-border litigation, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Intellectual Property, Trade Remedies

There continues to be a lot of press about the impact of Kirtsaeng v John Wiley & Sons, 133 S. Ct. 1351 (2013),  in which the U.S. Supreme Court recognized the validity of grey market goods being imported into the U.S. The thrust of the decision was recognition of a first sale doctrine, meaning once… Continue Reading

Fifth Amendment Right Not Absolute

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border litigation, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Immigration law, Intellectual Property, Law Schools, Law Students, Legal Developments, State Courts, U.S. Federal Government, U.S. Supreme Court

Silence can be used against an individual based on the U.S. Supreme Court’s holding in Salinas vs. Texas. As such, companies would do well to expand the training they provide to staff to all employees. The failure of individuals to fully understand their legal rights can lead to terrible consequences for those individuals and their… Continue Reading