Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: FCPA/Anti-Corruption

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Trading with China – New Reasons To Be Wary!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Labour, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Yesterday, August 2, 2017, President Trump signed into law H.R. 3364, the “Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act”.  The general press is covering this story by writing about Russia’s initial retaliation taking the form of cutting the staff authorized at the U.S. embassy in Moscow and the seizure of certain U.S. diplomatic property within Russia. … Continue Reading

How To Start A Trade Compliance Program? Who, What, When, Where, How Questions To Ask

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, AMPs, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Canada-Ukraine FTA, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Currency Reporting, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, NAFTA Renegotiations, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

The trade landscape is changing for many Canadian companies. Canada is involved in the renegotiation of NAFTA.  The Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement comes into effect on August 1, 2017.  The Canada-EU CETA enters into provisional effect on September 21, 2017.  The Government of Canada is updating export controls and economic sanctions laws and Global Affairs… Continue Reading

Canada’s Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act Has Sharp Teeth And Long Arms

Posted in FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Uncategorized

Ontario’s highest court, the Ontario Court of Appeal, issued a decision on July 6, 2017 in R. v. Karigar, which takes enforcement of foreign bribery to another level in Canada.  In 2013, Mr. Karigar was convicted of offering to bribe a foreign public official contrary to paragraph 3(1)(b) of the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials… Continue Reading

DOJ Defines Compliance

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

In the span of the last 18 months, the topic of corporate compliance programs has gotten considerable attention from the Department of Justice  (“DOJ”) and now finally, DOJ has published significant details about how it is likely to measure the sufficiency of any company’s compliance program. First, some background.  In September 2015, the Yates memo… Continue Reading

Canada’s Big Anti-Bribery Case Ends in Dismissed Charges

Posted in FCPA/Anti-Corruption

On February 10, 2017, three former executives of SNC-Lavalin Group Inc. saw Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act (Canada) charges withdrawn in the Ontario Superior Court. Former SNC vice-president of energy and infrastructure Kevin Wallace, former SNC vice-president of international development Ramesh Shah, and Bangladeshi-Canadian businessman Zulfiquar Ali Bhuiyana were charged with bribing an official… Continue Reading

Ten Compliance Problems Canadian Companies Face In Complying With Canada’s Economic Sanctions Laws

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption

Canadian companies are required to comply with Canada’s economic sanctions laws – and it is not an easy task. Currently, Canada imposes multi-lateral economic sanctions pursuant to the United Nations Act against 16 countries (Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ivory Coast, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, North Korea, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South… Continue Reading

NOT SO FAST!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Currency Reporting, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Politics, Tax, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Transportation

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce – November 2016 Fans of ESPN’s College Game Day© will recognize this tag line from the reaction of Lee Corso when he disagrees with others when panelists predict winners of selected college football games. If you prefer a different sports metaphor, there is Aaron Rodger’s 2014 now famous… Continue Reading

Privacy Shield Takes More Hits

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Border Security, Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Energy, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Intellectual Property, Labour, Legal Developments, Tribunals

Just in the last week, both the European Parliament and the European Data Protection Supervisor (“EDPS”) published findings holding the currently proposed EU-US Privacy Shield to be seriously deficient, and calling for further negotiations to deal with those “holes”. On May 26, 2016, the European Parliament passed a resolution, see EU Parliament Resolution, basically saying… Continue Reading

Everyone Deserves To Have Secrets – Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments

On May 11, 2016, President Obama signed into law the Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 (DTSA) which brought with it a new era of accountability and expediency in protecting employers’ intellectual property. Whether proprietary lines of code in a software program, the secret recipe for fried chicken or highly-valued customer lists, “trade secrets” provide… Continue Reading

Costs of Compliance –The Missing Element

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, NAFTA, origin, tariff classification, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government, valuation

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in May 2016 Only three (3) years ago, when Tom Winkowski was Acting Commissioner of Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) and John Morton the Director of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”), both of them acknowledged publicly how their respective agencies had lost such significant depths of knowledge and… Continue Reading

The Art of Self Defense

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Constitutional Law, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Cybersecurity and Privacy, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, International Arbitrations, Legal Developments, NAFTA, origin, tariff classification, Tax, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Transportation, valuation, World Trade Organization

Corporate compliance programs come in all shapes and sizes and apply whether your company is privately owned or publicly traded. These internal controls take the form of accounting and audit procedures, import-export/regulatory policies, employment guidelines, ethics/anti-corruption initiatives and so on. The intent of any compliance program is to ensure that employees know what is expected… Continue Reading

New Cybersecurity Law – Are You Prepared?

Posted in Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Cybersecurity and Privacy, FCPA/Anti-Corruption

Originally published in January 2016 On December 18, 2015, President Obama signed into law the Cybersecurity Act of 2015. Beginning at Division N, Public Law 114-113 deals with cyber threats and includes the framework for the means and methods by which the private sector may submit such information to the government and by which the… Continue Reading

Canadian Trade Law Predictions for 2016

Posted in Agriculture, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption

I do not know for certain what will happen in 2016 in terms of Canadian trade issues.  However, I can make a few educated predictions: 1. Canada will continue its economic sanctions against Russia and may add new designated persons in 2016.  The Trudeau Government may be less willing to expand economic sanctions into new… Continue Reading

Do You Know What Day It Is? It Is International Anti-Corruption Day

Posted in Cross-border trade, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Uncategorized

December 9th is International Anti-Corruption Day. International Anti-Corruption Day has been observed annually, on 9 December, since the passage of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption on 31 October 2003. International Anti-Corruption Day urges countries to do their part by exposing and cracking down on corruption and engendering a culture of values of ethical behaviour…. Continue Reading

Oh, goodness, how do we manage it all?

Posted in Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Politics

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in April 2015 One thing is for sure if you have been involved with international trade in recent times. Things are getting ever more complicated and the risk management and compliance challenges are consistently getting harder to anticipate and manage. At the TPM in early March, we discussed… Continue Reading

Yates Decided – Saner Heads Prevailed!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, U.S. Supreme Court

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in March 2015 Back in November in a column discussing the ever-increasing criminalization of civil violations, we mentioned the case of fisherman John Yates. Mr. Yates was the captain of a commercial fishing boat in the waters off Florida where he was catching red grouper. The state fishing… Continue Reading

Proper Internal Controls: A Must

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, NAFTA Chapter 11, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Transportation

Originally published in the October 2014 Journal of Commerce on-line When have you done enough? Based on a recent exchange in a LinkedIn discussion group, there is real disagreement. Despite that lack of concurrence, two court cases decided in the last few months again drive home the point that proper internal controls are a must…. Continue Reading

Say What?

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border trade, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Transportation

Originally published in the November 2015 Journal of Commerce on-line Many trade associations are grappling with declining membership likely contributed to by the absence of pressing issues grabbing industry-wide attention, despite export reform and the ACE roll-out. A quite different phenomenon continues to expand – the criminalization of civil violations. Two recent cases are reminders… Continue Reading

Compliance is the Key – No Surprise!

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published  in the January 2015 Journal of Commerce on-line Last week, Women in International Trade in Orange County presented a half  day program that featured speakers from Customs and Border Protection, the Food & Drug Administration, Consumer Products Safety Commission and U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.  The luncheon speakers were two Assistant United States Attorneys…. Continue Reading

Court of Appeals for Federal Circuit (CAFC) Issues Decision In U.S. v. Trek Leather – Corporate Officer Held Liable

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Border Security, Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Transportation

Yesterday, the CAFC issued its en banc decision in the U.S. v. Trek Leather case.  The Court held the President of the company liable for gross negligence due to his own actions, even if he is an agent of the company. By way of background, the case originated as a penalty action by Customs and… Continue Reading

Corporate Officers Becoming Liable for Negligent Acts Is Reconsidered

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement

In July 2013, the decision of the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (CAFC) was announced in United States v. Trek Leather, Inc. and Harish Shadadpuri, Case No. 2011-1527 (July 30, 2013). Harish Shadadpuri (Shadadpuri) was the President and sole shareholder of Trek Leather, Inc. (Trek). The question before the appellate court was whether,… Continue Reading

Auto Exporters – 1; Government ????

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Transportation

Originally published in the Journal of Commerce in April 2014. Ever since the government’s attempts to side with the car makers against the car exporters started, a lot of people have been scratching their heads – why did the government even get involved in what is at best a civil dispute between the dealers and… Continue Reading

Cybersecurity

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Intellectual Property, NAFTA, Transportation

Originally published in the Journal of Commerce in May 2014. The word cybersecurity causes shudders in the hearts of anyone in the etailing business, and one need to look no further than Target, Michaels, eBay and Neiman Marcus for the latest examples of significant consumer data theft. Unfortunately, cybersecurity and the thought of data being… Continue Reading

Tips For Conducting An Internal Investigation

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Border Security, Buy America, Constitutional Law, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-Border Real Estate, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Intellectual Property, Labour, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Transportation

Perhaps your computer system was hacked. Maybe you opened a container to find goods in it that did not belong to you (thank goodness they were not dangerous) or perhaps no goods but evidence people lived in the container while it was en route to the U.S., or you found sizable payments made to questionable… Continue Reading