Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: valuation

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Do Not Pass GO: Forgetting Your Receipts Gets You A Ticket To CBSA Secondary Inspection

Posted in Customs Law, NEXUS, valuation

We help a lot of Canadian citizens and Canadian residents who get their NEXUS Cards revoked, confiscated or cancelled by the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”).  One issue that comes up time and time again is under-declaration because the traveler did not have all of their receipts printed and organized for primary inspection. While there… Continue Reading

What Are Canada’s Tariff Codes (As At July 14, 2017)?

Posted in AMPs, Canada-EU CETA, Canada-Ukraine FTA, Customs Law, valuation

Canada does not have a single customs duty or tariff rate for all imports. Over the years, Canada has entered into a number of free trade agreements.  A tariff rate code is assigned for every free trade agreement partner because tariff elimination commitments and tariff reduction schedules cause applicable tariff rates to be different from… Continue Reading

Non-Resident Importers Having Difficulties Dealing With The CBSA

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, GST/HST, origin, tariff classification, valuation

Last week, I was informed by four different U.S. non-resident importers (or their representatives) that the non-resident companies were frustrated in their dealings with the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) – to the point that they may cease selling to Canadian customers.  While some of the complaints were more connected with customs brokers, many of the complaints… Continue Reading

Importers Must Pay Customs Assessments In Canada To Perfect Appeal

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, origin, tariff classification, valuation

We were asked recently whether a non-resident importer could ignore paying a Canadian customs detailed adjustment statement (“DAS”) and continue to import goods into Canada (just thumb their noses up at the Canadian government). The answer provided is that a non-resident importer (and a Canadian resident importer) should not consider something so foolish.  Under Canadian law,… Continue Reading

What Does The CBSA Review During A Customs Valuation Verification?

Posted in AMPs, Customs Law, valuation

Canadian importers (especially non-resident importers and those related to a foreign entity) may, someday, be contacted by the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) to conduct a customs valuation verification.  Current CBSA valuation verification priorities include apparel (Chapters 61 and 62) and food preparations and pastrycook’s products (Chapter 19).  In January 2017,  the CBSA announced that… Continue Reading

Are You Ready for CETA?: 20 Questions That Canadian Importers Should Be Asking

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, origin, tariff classification, Trade Agreeements, valuation

The Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (“Canada-EU CETA”) is a free trade agreement between Canada and the 28 countries of the European Union.  The Canada-EU CETA is Canada’s largest free trade agreement since NAFTA.   There are opportunities for Canadian importers to save the customs duties on goods that they are currently importing… Continue Reading

Canada Commences Consultations Regarding A Canada-China Free Trade Agreement

Posted in Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-China FTA, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-Border Real Estate, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Government Procurement, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, International Arbitrations, Labour, origin, tariff classification, valuation

On March 4, 2017, Global Affairs Canada announced consultations concerning a possible free trade agreement between Canada and China.   Consultations means that Global Affairs Canada is consulting with Canadian interested stakeholders (the free trade agreement negotiations have not started yet – Canada is in a preliminary exploratory stage). Global Affairs Canada has posted information on… Continue Reading

Fruit and Vegetable/All Importers Beware

Posted in Agriculture, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, valuation

In July 2016, the Houston Regulatory Audit office sent a letter to a number of large importers cautioning them to be sure their value declarations were correct, underscoring CBP’s position by pointing recipients to a long list of CBP informed compliance publications, and touting the advantages of correcting any errors by way of a prior… Continue Reading

It’s All About Compliance – Part 1 – Value

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, valuation

This Alert is one in an occasional series of articles providing tips about various topics which arise routinely with import and export transactions.  These tips are published with the intention to aid international traders in their on-going efforts to get their declarations right the first time, and are based on situations we commonly see occurring…. Continue Reading

Importing Goods From China: Three Things You Must Do To Minimize Border Costs

Posted in Antidumping, Customs Law, GST/HST, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, origin, tariff classification, Trade Remedies, valuation

Canadian businesses, small, medium and large import goods from China. It is a reality in a globalized supply chain.  Many Canadian businesses buy Chinese-origin goods from suppliers in a third country (e.g., the United States). Most businesses understand that they must pay all applicable customs duties at the time of importation.  Many companies understand that… Continue Reading

SME Importing and Exporting Toolkits Posted on the CBSA Website

Posted in AMPs, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, GST/HST, Imports Restrictions, NAFTA, NEXUS, origin, tariff classification, valuation

On August 22, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) posted on its website toolkits for small to medium sized enterprises.  The toolkits cover (1) importing, (2) exporting, (3) other CBSA resources, (4) other governmental resources and (5) contact information.  However, the CBSA did not include the posting of the toolkits in its “Latest News”… Continue Reading

Making NAFTA Relevant Again! A Look At Certificates of Origin.

Posted in Cross-border trade, Customs Law, NAFTA, origin, tariff classification, valuation

Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton talked about the North American Free Trade Agreement (“NAFTA”) during the U.S. Presidential Debate on September 26th.  Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton spoke about NAFTA during the primaries and on the campaign trail.  NAFTA is relevant again!  This is good for customs lawyers and trade lawyers.  With all this talk… Continue Reading

What Is A “Customs Controlled Area”?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Currency Reporting, Customs Law, Exports, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, NEXUS, origin, Personal Comments, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering, tariff classification, valuation

On April 27, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) released Guide BS5156 “What you need to know about Customs Controlled Areas”. In this one page document, the CBSA informs the public that a “customs controlled area” is: “A designated area where there is a likelihood that domestic employees or domestic origin travellers leaving Canada will come… Continue Reading

What Should Canadian Businesses Know About Canadian Goods Returned For Warranty Repairs?

Posted in Cross-border trade, Customs Law, origin, tariff classification, valuation

One area of confusion for many small and medium Canadian businesses is the customs treatment of goods manufactured in Canada that are sold outside Canada (and exported), but have to be returned temporarily for warranty repairs. The goods manufactured in Canada may be entirely Canadian input content or may be made partly with foreign inputs. … Continue Reading

Labour Day Long Week-End: Survival Guide For Canada-US Cross Border Travel

Posted in Border Security, Customs Law, NEXUS, valuation

The Labour Day long week-end is upon us.  Canadians travel outside Canada to visit friends and family and to shop.  The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) is on the lookout for contraventions of the Customs Act and other border laws. Here is our survival guide to make sure the CBSA is happy with your declaration… Continue Reading

Undervaluation of Goods Can Lead to Criminal Charges And Conviction In Canada

Posted in AMPs, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Legal Developments, origin, tariff classification, valuation

On August 5, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) posted on the CBSA web-site a News Release entitled “Dartmouth store owner charged for falsifying documents and undervaluing shipments”. This News Release should cause Canadian business owners who import goods and/or general counsel of companies that import goods to ask important questions: “Is my import… Continue Reading

What is a No-Names Customs Voluntary Disclosure?

Posted in Cross-border trade, Customs Law, origin, tariff classification, valuation

The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) permits importers to make a “no-names” disclosure in order to request advice from the CBSA as to the possibility of a successful voluntary disclosure (like a prior disclosure in the USA). In the case of a no-names voluntary disclosure, the CBSA does not require the importer’s representative to give… Continue Reading

What Are The Pros And Cons Of Being A Non-Resident Importer Into Canada?

Posted in Cross-border trade, Customs Law, GST/HST, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, origin, Sales Taxes, tariff classification, valuation

The Internet enables foreign companies to market and sell to Canadian consumers without setting up in Canada.  A common question of foreign sellers with opportunities to sell to Canadians is “Should I sell into Canada as a non-resident importer?” Before answering this question, we must go back to the basics. What is an importer?  The… Continue Reading

Civic Holiday Long Weekend: Survival Guide For Cross Border Travel

Posted in Border Security, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, NEXUS, valuation

The Civic Holiday long week-end is upon us.  Canadians travel outside Canada to visit friends and family and to shop.  The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) is on the lookout for contraventions of the Customs Act and other border laws. Here is our survival guide to make sure the CBSA is happy with your declaration… Continue Reading

Canadian Customs Audit Targets – CBSA Releases H2 2016 Verification Priorities

Posted in Customs Law, origin, tariff classification, valuation

On July 7, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) released “Tariff Compliance Verifications – July 2016”.  What are “Tariff Compliance Verifications”? Tariff compliance verifications are CBSA customs audits during which the CBSA ensures that importers are using the proper tariff classification (HS Code) numbers when completing import documentation. The Tariff Compliance Verifications – July… Continue Reading

Do Your Employees Know Enough To Complete A Certificate Of Origin Properly?

Posted in Cross-border trade, Customs Law, origin, tariff classification, Uncategorized, valuation

Let’s face the truth, the legal department does not sign off on certificates of origin.  In most companies exporting their goods, it is the sales department or the logistics department that prepares and signs the certificates of origin.  In many companies, the certificate of origin is just a piece of paper that has to be… Continue Reading

The CBSA Is Seizing Jewelry Imports Into Canada From The UAE

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, valuation

The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) has seized a number of shipments of gold jewelry imported into Canada from the United Arab Emirates (UAE).  In many cases, the CBSA has taken the position that the jewelry was undervalued.  In most cases, the importer declared the price paid or payable on the invoice for labour.  The… Continue Reading