Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: Cross-border deals

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EU Safe Harbor- Nothing Settled Yet

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cybersecurity and Privacy, U.S. Federal Government, Uncategorized

While a new Safe Harbor agreement was hoped for by the January 31, 2016 deadline, negotiations still continue. It is expected the European Commission will receive an update, but keep your fingers crossed for an actual deal! In the meantime, American companies continue to rely on recommended provisions to satisfy their privacy protection requirements.

How To Prove Origin Of Goods To the CBSA

Posted in Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, origin, Trade Agreeements

On January 21, 2015, “the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) posted on the CBSA web-site D-Memorandum D11-4-2 “Proof of Origin of Imported Goods” (stated to be published on January 13, 2016).  This policy statement informs importers about what documents the CBSA will accept as proof of origin of goods. Pursuant to section 35.1 of the… Continue Reading

How To Apply For An Advance Customs Ruling in Canada

Posted in Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, tariff classification

Many importers in Canada want to minimize the risk of an assessment of customs duties for getting a tariff classification incorrect.  If an importer or exporter or foreign producer of goods cannot figure out how the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) would classify a good for customs duty tariff classification purposes, sometimes the best thing… Continue Reading

Importers Of Tires Into Canada Must Comply With Safety Rules

Posted in Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Transportation

On January 11, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) issued D-Memorandum D19-12-2 “Importation of Tires”, which sets out Canada’s border rules on the importation of tires.  Canada wants only safe tires imported for the purpose of sale in Canada.  Canada wants safe tires on the roads in Canada. D-Memo D-19-12-2 contains 2 Appendices.  Appendix… Continue Reading

Canada’s Federal Court Highlights Complexities of Canada’s Export Controls/Economic Sanctions

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Legal Developments

On December 18, 2015, the Federal Court of Canada issued its decision in Master Tech Inc. v. The Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness (2015 FC 1395). The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) detained four sets of machinery that Master Tech was exporting to Iran.  As is typical, after the detention, the CBSA contacted… Continue Reading

Canada’s Customs Voluntary Disclosure Policy Has Been Revised

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, origin, tariff classification, valuation

On November 25, 2015, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) issued revised D-Memorandum D-11-6-4 “Relief of Interest and/or Penalties Including Voluntary Disclosure”.  This D-Memorandum is important because importers can make mistakes or fail to provide all information. Mistakes are often costly.  Normally, the amount of duties & taxes, plus interest plus penalties (including Administrative Monetary… Continue Reading

Canada is Concerned About Unreported Exported Goods AND Grants Limited 6 Month Amnesty

Posted in Controlled Goods Program, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Legal Developments

On November 16, 2015, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) issued Customs Notice 15-035 “Voluntary Disclosure of Unreported Goods Transiting Through the United States to a Subsequent Country” is which it starts by stating “It has come to the CBSA’s attention that a large number of businesses have been exporting goods to Mexico and other… Continue Reading

Join Canada’s Partners in Protection Program

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, U.S. Federal Government

Canada has implemented a voluntary Trusted Trader/secure supply chain program similar to the U.S Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (“C-TPAT”). Canada’s program is called “Partners in Protection” or PIP. On November 12, 2015, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) released D-Memorandum 23-1-1 “Partners in Protection Program”.  This is a new D-Memorandum and it is very important. … Continue Reading

The Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement Should Be Ratified in 2016

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Government Procurement, Intellectual Property, Labour, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements

When I say that the Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement “should be ratified in 2016”, it is an opinion that it would be beneficial for ratification to occur.  I do not have any inside knowledge about the new Trudeau Government’s plans. In fact, we have heard very little from PM Justin Trudeau or Canada’s new Trade… Continue Reading

Why Are Companies Not Taking Advantage of FTA Benefits?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Harmonization, NAFTA, U.S. Federal Government

According to a Thomson Reuters-KPMG International Survey/Report, 70% of multi-national companies surveyed are not fully utilizing the benefits under existing free trade agreements (FTAs).  A problem has been reported to be complex and disparate compliance requirements in home jurisdictions and other jurisdictions. As an international trade lawyer, I hear this often.  Many North American multi-national… Continue Reading

Canada is a Party to the Historic Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Government Procurement, Intellectual Property, International Arbitrations, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements

On October 5, 2015, the trade ministers of Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Vietnam and the United States signed the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP).  TPP is a historic trade agreement.  TPP is a comprehensive trade agreement. For Canada, TPP represents a trade agreement with new parties (Australia, Brunei, Japan,… Continue Reading

Tips re Cybersecurity

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Government Procurement, Politics

Los Angeles City Attorney Mike Feuer recently provided tips to aid individuals to protect themselves from identity theft: Shred all documents containing personal, financial or medical information before you throw them out. Be cautious using debit cards. Don’t use at gas pumps or for shopping online. Don’t respond to e-mails, calls or texts seeking sensitive… Continue Reading

Did you know that certain exporters must report exports from Canada?

Posted in Border Security, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

It is true.  There are legal requirements to report certain exports from Canada.  On September 1, 2015, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) reissued updated D-Memorandum D-20-1-1 “Exporter Reporting” to remind exporters of the rules. Any exporter, including a non-resident exporter may be required to report the goods being exported.  The exporter is the person… Continue Reading

Do Currency Fluctuations Impact Importers?

Posted in Antidumping, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, GST/HST

The answer is “YES”, the current currency fluctuations in the Canadian dollar have an impact on importers.  Generally speaking, many importers in Canada purchase goods from foreign sources in United States dollars (foreign vendors do not desire Canadian dollars).  The current weakening of the Canadian dollar (on August 24, 2015, the Bank of Canada closing… Continue Reading

What Should A Lawyer Do To Claim Solicitor-Client Privilege at the Canadian Border?

Posted in Border Security, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Customs Law

At the present time, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) does not have a published or informal policy concerning what a lawyer should do to claim solicitor-client privilege during an examination of documents in a lawyer’s briefcase or electronic documents on a lawyer’s computer or PDA. Based on the Alain Philippon case, currently before the… Continue Reading

GSP Refunds Clarified

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Customs Law

While the oft-rumored Federal Register notice has yet to be seen, Customs and Border Protection (CBP) did publish information about obtaining refunds under the now reinstated Generalized System of Preferences (GSP). Information about the legislation which authorized the renewal was published in our Alert dated July 14, 2015. See MS&K Alert re GSP Renewal for… Continue Reading

The Times Are Changing, But Very Slowly

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Government Procurement, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

First, we learned relations with Cuba were thawing, and now – on July 14th – there is the nuclear deal with Iran. Many American companies are clambering to make commercial deals with businesses in both countries – but not so fast! In fact, little has changed in terms of U.S. relations with either country, at… Continue Reading

Trade Preference Programs Get New Life

Posted in Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Trade Agreeements

Originally published by the Journal of Comerce in July 2015 In the last few months, there has been extensive press coverage about the President’s trade agenda and the ultimate Congressional grant of Trade Promotion Authority. As noted in that coverage, the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) (the Trans-Pacific trade deal being negotiated with Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada,… Continue Reading

Customs Is Again Getting Overly Creative

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Remedies

In late October 2014, Customs and Border Protection (CBP) issued a guidance message in which it laid down new rules regarding post-importation/post-entry claims for duty preference and duty reduction programs – see CSMS re PEA/1520(d) Claims for the exact text. Specifically, CBP decided unless the program under which the duty free claim is being made… Continue Reading

California Transparency in Supply Chain Act Update

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Customs Law, Legal Developments, Politics

On April 13, 2015, California Attorney General Kamala Harris issued “A Resource Guide” for companies subject to California’s Transparency in the Supply Chain Act (the “Act”). This resource guide was published in conjunction with the first efforts by the State of California to enforce the Act which took effect in 2010. The recent enforcement effort… Continue Reading

Oh, goodness, how do we manage it all?

Posted in Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Politics

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in April 2015 One thing is for sure if you have been involved with international trade in recent times. Things are getting ever more complicated and the risk management and compliance challenges are consistently getting harder to anticipate and manage. At the TPM in early March, we discussed… Continue Reading

Court of Appeals for Federal Circuit (CAFC) Issues Decision In U.S. v. Trek Leather – Corporate Officer Held Liable

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Border Security, Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Transportation

Yesterday, the CAFC issued its en banc decision in the U.S. v. Trek Leather case.  The Court held the President of the company liable for gross negligence due to his own actions, even if he is an agent of the company. By way of background, the case originated as a penalty action by Customs and… Continue Reading

Corporate Officers Becoming Liable for Negligent Acts Is Reconsidered

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement

In July 2013, the decision of the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (CAFC) was announced in United States v. Trek Leather, Inc. and Harish Shadadpuri, Case No. 2011-1527 (July 30, 2013). Harish Shadadpuri (Shadadpuri) was the President and sole shareholder of Trek Leather, Inc. (Trek). The question before the appellate court was whether,… Continue Reading