Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: Criminal Law

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Buy American Executive Order

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

On April 18th, President Trump issued an Executive Order (“EO” or “Order”) focused on the Buy American  laws and regulations. See Buy American EO.  This EO directs federal government entities to review their procurement rules so that, to the extent legally permitted, preference is given to American made goods.  Section 2 specifically states: “[i]t shall… Continue Reading

Iran Sanctions – Tit for Tat?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Harmonization, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Politics, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

On Sunday, March 26, 2017, the Iranian State Agency (IRNA) announced the imposition of sanctions by Iran on 15 American companies.  While the move is widely seen as Iran responding to recent and on-going enforcement action taken in the U.S., such action is certainly creating ever more complex circumstances in the region. In explaining the… Continue Reading

DOJ Defines Compliance

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

In the span of the last 18 months, the topic of corporate compliance programs has gotten considerable attention from the Department of Justice  (“DOJ”) and now finally, DOJ has published significant details about how it is likely to measure the sufficiency of any company’s compliance program. First, some background.  In September 2015, the Yates memo… Continue Reading

Russian Election Hacking – The Cyber Story

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cybersecurity and Privacy, Elections, Politics, U.S. Federal Government

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in January 2017 The Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on January 5, 2017 was an opportunity to learn what the intelligence community determined regarding cyber-attacks related to the 2016 Presidential election.  For those of us having to deal with the potential consequences to our businesses, it was the… Continue Reading

ACE Allows For Stricter Customs Enforcement

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally Published by the Journal of Commerce in August 2016 In the face of its recent reorganization and enhanced computer system, it was really only a matter of time before the trade community started to see Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) better organize its enforcement efforts, and now the first tangible step has been publicly… Continue Reading

Undervaluation of Goods Can Lead to Criminal Charges And Conviction In Canada

Posted in AMPs, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Legal Developments, origin, tariff classification, valuation

On August 5, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) posted on the CBSA web-site a News Release entitled “Dartmouth store owner charged for falsifying documents and undervaluing shipments”. This News Release should cause Canadian business owners who import goods and/or general counsel of companies that import goods to ask important questions: “Is my import… Continue Reading

The CBSA Seizes $USD 129,000 at the Canada-US Border Crossing at Cornwall

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Criminal Law, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

On June 6, 2016, Cornwall Newswatch reported that on May 21, 2016 the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) seized $USD 129,000 at the Cornwall border crossing.  The money had not been reported by two travelers and was seized under the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act (the “Proceeds of Crime Act“).  Two… Continue Reading

Everyone Deserves To Have Secrets – Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments

On May 11, 2016, President Obama signed into law the Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 (DTSA) which brought with it a new era of accountability and expediency in protecting employers’ intellectual property. Whether proprietary lines of code in a software program, the secret recipe for fried chicken or highly-valued customer lists, “trade secrets” provide… Continue Reading

Costs of Compliance –The Missing Element

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, NAFTA, origin, tariff classification, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government, valuation

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in May 2016 Only three (3) years ago, when Tom Winkowski was Acting Commissioner of Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) and John Morton the Director of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”), both of them acknowledged publicly how their respective agencies had lost such significant depths of knowledge and… Continue Reading

Don’t Cross the Canada-US Border with a Fake/Real Grenade

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Criminal Law, Customs Law

I am not kidding – I should not have to write this blog post – The Government of Canada says “Please do not cross the border into Canada with a grenade in your vehicle.”  It does not matter if the grenade is fake/inert or real/live.  I am writing this because on April 21, 2016, three… Continue Reading

Shielded but Not Covered – Privacy Demands Better Protection

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Cybersecurity and Privacy, Legal Developments

On April 13, 2016, the Article 29 Working Party took action which some found surprising and others predicted. It found the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield did not contain adequate protections and needs further improvement. The Working Party’s statement can be found at http://ec.europa.eu/justice/data-protection/article-29/press-material/press-release/art29_press_material/2016/press_release_shield_en.pdf. While acknowledging the Privacy Shield contains “significant improvements” over the previous Safe Harbor,… Continue Reading

The Art of Self Defense

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Constitutional Law, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Cybersecurity and Privacy, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, International Arbitrations, Legal Developments, NAFTA, origin, tariff classification, Tax, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Transportation, valuation, World Trade Organization

Corporate compliance programs come in all shapes and sizes and apply whether your company is privately owned or publicly traded. These internal controls take the form of accounting and audit procedures, import-export/regulatory policies, employment guidelines, ethics/anti-corruption initiatives and so on. The intent of any compliance program is to ensure that employees know what is expected… Continue Reading

Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 and Intellectual Property Rights

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Government Procurement, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Remedies

This article was co-authored with Kevin M. Rosenbaum of MS&K. On February 24, 2016, President Obama signed into law the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015, PL 114-125 (TFTEA), which includes an assortment of trade facilitation and trade enforcement provisions, including a number of provisions focused on intellectual property rights (IPR). Section III… Continue Reading

Cyber Bill No Real Help to Supply Chain Security

Posted in Border Security, Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Cybersecurity and Privacy

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in January 2016 In the lead-up to President Obama signing into law on December 18, 2015 the Cybersecurity Act of 2015, Public Law. 114-113, there was hope that finally there would be a vehicle through which the federal government would be able to share broad ranges of supply… Continue Reading

ACE Deadline Reminder for Imports and Exports

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports

On February 28, 2016, those involved with imports and exports are preparing to undergo a major transition. As of that date, all entries must be filed using the new Automated Commercial Environment (ACE) system. ACE not only replaces the current Customs and Border Protection (CBP) system, but is designed to reengineer CBP’s operational processes; develop… Continue Reading

New Cybersecurity Law – Are You Prepared?

Posted in Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Cybersecurity and Privacy, FCPA/Anti-Corruption

Originally published in January 2016 On December 18, 2015, President Obama signed into law the Cybersecurity Act of 2015. Beginning at Division N, Public Law 114-113 deals with cyber threats and includes the framework for the means and methods by which the private sector may submit such information to the government and by which the… Continue Reading

DOJ Sets Its Sights on Directors and Officers

Posted in Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Cybersecurity and Privacy, Government Procurement, Trade Agreeements

Originally published in September 2015. Whether publicly traded or privately held, corporate boards have been put on notice – the Department of Justice (Justice or DOJ) is after you! On September 9th, DOJ issued a memo entitled: Individual Accountability for Corporate Wrongdoing. In it, Main Justice made clear to all offices that any activity which… Continue Reading

When the Canada Border Services Agency Seizes Your Cash, What Can You Do To Get Your Cash Back?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Criminal Law, Customs Law, NEXUS

The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) may seize your cash if you are carrying financial instruments over $Canadian 10,000 and fail to declare the financial instruments when you enter Canada or leave Canada.  When arriving in Canada by air, all passengers complete the E311 form – Declaration Card.  One of the questions on the form… Continue Reading

Oh, goodness, how do we manage it all?

Posted in Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Politics

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in April 2015 One thing is for sure if you have been involved with international trade in recent times. Things are getting ever more complicated and the risk management and compliance challenges are consistently getting harder to anticipate and manage. At the TPM in early March, we discussed… Continue Reading

Yates Decided – Saner Heads Prevailed!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, U.S. Supreme Court

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in March 2015 Back in November in a column discussing the ever-increasing criminalization of civil violations, we mentioned the case of fisherman John Yates. Mr. Yates was the captain of a commercial fishing boat in the waters off Florida where he was catching red grouper. The state fishing… Continue Reading

Proper Internal Controls: A Must

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, NAFTA Chapter 11, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Transportation

Originally published in the October 2014 Journal of Commerce on-line When have you done enough? Based on a recent exchange in a LinkedIn discussion group, there is real disagreement. Despite that lack of concurrence, two court cases decided in the last few months again drive home the point that proper internal controls are a must…. Continue Reading

Say What?

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border trade, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Transportation

Originally published in the November 2015 Journal of Commerce on-line Many trade associations are grappling with declining membership likely contributed to by the absence of pressing issues grabbing industry-wide attention, despite export reform and the ACE roll-out. A quite different phenomenon continues to expand – the criminalization of civil violations. Two recent cases are reminders… Continue Reading

Compliance is the Key – No Surprise!

Posted in Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published  in the January 2015 Journal of Commerce on-line Last week, Women in International Trade in Orange County presented a half  day program that featured speakers from Customs and Border Protection, the Food & Drug Administration, Consumer Products Safety Commission and U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.  The luncheon speakers were two Assistant United States Attorneys…. Continue Reading

Court of Appeals for Federal Circuit (CAFC) Issues Decision In U.S. v. Trek Leather – Corporate Officer Held Liable

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Border Security, Constitutional Law, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Transportation

Yesterday, the CAFC issued its en banc decision in the U.S. v. Trek Leather case.  The Court held the President of the company liable for gross negligence due to his own actions, even if he is an agent of the company. By way of background, the case originated as a penalty action by Customs and… Continue Reading