Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: Border Security

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Iran Sanctions – Tit for Tat?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Harmonization, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Politics, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

On Sunday, March 26, 2017, the Iranian State Agency (IRNA) announced the imposition of sanctions by Iran on 15 American companies.  While the move is widely seen as Iran responding to recent and on-going enforcement action taken in the U.S., such action is certainly creating ever more complex circumstances in the region. In explaining the… Continue Reading

Canadian Senate Bill Takes Firm Position On Iran Sanctions And Could Add To Sanctions List

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canada’s Senate is currently considering Bill S-219 “An Act to deter Iran-sponsored terrorism, incitement to hatred, and human rights violations” (to be called “Non-Nuclear Sanctions Against Iran Act“) which has received little attention. Bill S-219 will, if passed into law, ensure that Canada has the most restrictive economic sanctions regime against Iran of all countries in the World…. Continue Reading

DOJ Defines Compliance

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

In the span of the last 18 months, the topic of corporate compliance programs has gotten considerable attention from the Department of Justice  (“DOJ”) and now finally, DOJ has published significant details about how it is likely to measure the sufficiency of any company’s compliance program. First, some background.  In September 2015, the Yates memo… Continue Reading

Canada Commences Consultations Regarding A Canada-China Free Trade Agreement

Posted in Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-China FTA, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-Border Real Estate, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Government Procurement, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, International Arbitrations, Labour, origin, tariff classification, valuation

On March 4, 2017, Global Affairs Canada announced consultations concerning a possible free trade agreement between Canada and China.   Consultations means that Global Affairs Canada is consulting with Canadian interested stakeholders (the free trade agreement negotiations have not started yet – Canada is in a preliminary exploratory stage). Global Affairs Canada has posted information on… Continue Reading

What Will Trudeau Talk To Trump About?

Posted in Agriculture, Border Security, Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Government Procurement, Harmonization, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, Labour, NAFTA, Softwood Lumber, State Governments, Trade Agreeements, U.S. Federal Government

On February 13, 2017, Prime Minister Trudeau will travel to the United States to visit with President Trump. The most important topic for discussion is that Canada-United States relationship. The most important goal is to ensure that trading relationshiop remains strong. This is a fun post, which is based on trade issues between Canada and the… Continue Reading

Drugs and Bugs: The CBSA Watches Flower Imports Carefully

Posted in Agriculture, Border Security, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions

Every year around Valentine’s Day (and Mother’s Day and Easter), the CBSA is extra busy inspecting shipments of flowers from Colombia and Ecuador.  Shipments of flowers into Canada are most commonly shipped by air or transported from the United States after importation through Miami. The two things the CBSA is looking for in fresh cut… Continue Reading

What Should Justin Trudeau Say To Donald Trump?

Posted in Border Security, Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, U.S. Federal Government

On February 12, 2017, Justin Trudeau is traveling to Washington, D.C. to meet Donald Trump at the White House.  What will they talk about?  Hmmm – softwood lumber? Border adjustment tax? NAFTA renegotiation? Common interests? Jobs on both sides of the border? NEXUS Card revocations of Canadians and permanent residents of Canada? Supply management? Harmonization… Continue Reading

The Canada Border Services Is Getting Authority To Open All Cross-Border Mail

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-Border Real Estate, Cross-border trade, Currency Reporting, Customs Law, Legal Developments, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering, Tax

The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) has statutory authority in subsection 99(1) of the Customs Act to open goods that are being imported – this includes letters and packages. Currently, most packages can be opened, including legal documents sent by a law firm to another law firm or a client.  A few years ago I… Continue Reading

Thickening of the Border – What Is Canada’s Concern?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Exports, Harmonization, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, NEXUS, Politics, U.S. Supreme Court

The phrase “thickening of the border” equates with increased regulations and costs, which result in difficulties or slow-downs at the border such that goods and people move at the pace of molasses. Border wait times increase as new border charges are paid and shipments are inspected and border officers assess risks.  Any thickening of the… Continue Reading

Trump and Trade

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Elections, Government Procurement, Harmonization, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in February 2017 In the first two weeks of the new Trump Administration, all international traders want to talk about, and with good reason, is where does the new President really stand on trade? On the one hand, he has taken advantage of trading opportunities to generate profits… Continue Reading

What Is The Canadian Process For Voluntarily Disclosing An Export Controls/Economic Sanctions Mistake?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, AMPs, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Mistakes happen.  While the majority of Canadian companies want to comply with Canada’s export controls and economic sanctions laws, violations can occur.  Often when there is an economic sanctions violation, there is also an export controls violation at the same time.  Sometimes, there are export controls violations without an economic sanction violation. There are three procedures… Continue Reading

NEXUS Application Form: Does It Allow For Extreme Vetting?

Posted in Border Security, NEXUS

When a Canadian citizen, Canadian permanent resident, U.S. citizen or U.S. permanent resident completes a NEXUS Program application form, the application is vetted by both the United States government and the Canadian government. The United States Department of Homeland Security (U.S Customs and Border Protection) (“USCBP”) vets the NEXUS application and the Canada Border Services… Continue Reading

What Canadian Lawyers Should Know About Solicitor-Client Privilege At The Canada-US Border

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Customs Law, U.S. Federal Government

There are reports that President Trump is considering an Executive Order to require the Department of Homeland Security, and in particular U.S. Customs and Border Protection (USCBP), to ask foreign visitors to provide information about their social media profiles and access to their computer contact lists.  This would include Canadian lawyers. The access to contact… Continue Reading

U.S. Cancelling NEXUS Cards Of Canadian Dual-Nationals

Posted in Border Security, NEXUS, U.S. Federal Government

We have heard a number of reports that the United States Department of Homeland Security is notifying Canadian NEXUS Card holders with dual nationality from certain countries (Iran, Iraq, Libya, Syria, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen) that their NEXUS Membership has been cancelled because they “no longer meet eligibility criteria”.  There may be other nationalities as… Continue Reading

What Is On Your NAFTA Renegotiation Wish List?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Government Procurement, GST/HST, Immigration law, Intellectual Property, Labour, NAFTA, NAFTA Chapter 11, origin, Politics, Provincial Governments, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, U.S. Federal Government

President Trump has said that he wants to renegotiate NAFTA.  Rather than taking a negative view of change, ask yourself “What is on my NAFTA Renegotation Wish List?”.  What changes to NAFTA could benefit your business?  What improvements to NAFTA can save your business money?  What adjustments will improve your business’ supply chain?  What should… Continue Reading

Russian Election Hacking – The Cyber Story

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cybersecurity and Privacy, Elections, Politics, U.S. Federal Government

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in January 2017 The Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on January 5, 2017 was an opportunity to learn what the intelligence community determined regarding cyber-attacks related to the 2016 Presidential election.  For those of us having to deal with the potential consequences to our businesses, it was the… Continue Reading

A Country Divided!

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce, December 2016. Even prior to the election, it was clear the U.S. is a country divided. We are now several weeks removed from the election and the shame of the situation is not one so-called political leader has made any statements which give hope of uniting the country…. Continue Reading

NOT SO FAST!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Currency Reporting, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Politics, Tax, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Transportation

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce – November 2016 Fans of ESPN’s College Game Day© will recognize this tag line from the reaction of Lee Corso when he disagrees with others when panelists predict winners of selected college football games. If you prefer a different sports metaphor, there is Aaron Rodger’s 2014 now famous… Continue Reading

What Does The Election of President Trump Mean For Canada?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Elections, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Immigration law, NAFTA, Softwood Lumber, State Governments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

On November 8, 2016, Donald Trump was elected President of the United States.  What does this mean for Canadian businesses in terms of trade? President-elect Trump has said he is opposed to the TransPacific Partnership Agreement (“TPP”).  It is highly unlikely that TPP will be ratified.  Canada will have to negotiate strategic bilateral free trade… Continue Reading

CBP C-TPAT Top Ten Tips for Points of Contact

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Legal Developments

Thanks to one of the CBP Supply Chain Security Specialists for sharing this top ten list for portal points of contract – make sure:  All Point of Contacts in web portal are current.  All your C-TPAT partners SVI numbers are listed in the web portal field.  You have a list of all your non-C-TPAT global… Continue Reading

Why Should You Know About Canada’s Export Controls and Economic Sanctions Laws?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

I am often asked why export controls and economic sanctions are important.  The simple answer is that if you export a controlled good or export goods to a sanctioned country, your company could become front page news.  If that should happen because your company manufactured and sold goods that are used to kill a Canadian… Continue Reading

SME Importing and Exporting Toolkits Posted on the CBSA Website

Posted in AMPs, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, GST/HST, Imports Restrictions, NAFTA, NEXUS, origin, tariff classification, valuation

On August 22, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) posted on its website toolkits for small to medium sized enterprises.  The toolkits cover (1) importing, (2) exporting, (3) other CBSA resources, (4) other governmental resources and (5) contact information.  However, the CBSA did not include the posting of the toolkits in its “Latest News”… Continue Reading

What Should Canadians Listen For While Watching the U.S. Presidential Debate

Posted in Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Elections, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Immigration law, NAFTA, NAFTA Chapter 11, Politics, Softwood Lumber, State Courts, State Governments, Tax, Trade Agreeements, U.S. Federal Government, U.S. Supreme Court, World Trade Organization

Tonight is the first U.S. Presidential Debate.  Every 4 years, Canadian bureaucrats and those interested in politics watch the debates looking for clues as to what good and bad may be coming.  I thought it would be useful to make a list, from the perspective of a Canadian trade lawyer, of what Canadians should listen… Continue Reading