Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Category Archives: Aerospace & Defence

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Trading with China – New Reasons To Be Wary!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Labour, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Yesterday, August 2, 2017, President Trump signed into law H.R. 3364, the “Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act”.  The general press is covering this story by writing about Russia’s initial retaliation taking the form of cutting the staff authorized at the U.S. embassy in Moscow and the seizure of certain U.S. diplomatic property within Russia. … Continue Reading

How To Start A Trade Compliance Program? Who, What, When, Where, How Questions To Ask

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, AMPs, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Canada-Ukraine FTA, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Currency Reporting, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, NAFTA Renegotiations, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

The trade landscape is changing for many Canadian companies. Canada is involved in the renegotiation of NAFTA.  The Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement comes into effect on August 1, 2017.  The Canada-EU CETA enters into provisional effect on September 21, 2017.  The Government of Canada is updating export controls and economic sanctions laws and Global Affairs… Continue Reading

Canadian Government Export Controls Policies Under A Microscope

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Politics

On July 28, 2017, Global Affairs Canada issued a statement of concern relating to escalating violence in eastern Saudi Arabia. In the Statement entitled “Canada concerned by escalating tensions in eastern Saudi Arabia”, Global Affairs stated: “Canada is concerned by the escalating violence in eastern Saudi Arabia, which has resulted in civilian and security force casualties…. Continue Reading

Canada Has Made Important Changes To The Export Control List And Export Controls Guide: It Is Time To Update Company Export Controls

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

On July 12, 2017, the Government of Canada (more specifically, the Governor in Council (Cabinet)) promulgated changes to the Export Control list, which is a regulation.  In the Canada Gazette, Part II, Regulation SOR/2017-139 “Order Amending the Export Control List”  (the “ECL Order”) made pursuant to the Export and Import Permits Act was published.  The… Continue Reading

Global Affairs Canada Tables 2016 Annual Report on Exports In House of Commons

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Imports Restrictions

On June 20, 2017, Hon. Diane Lebouthiller (Minister of National Revenue) tabled (see page 13032 of Hansard) the 2016 Annual Report to Parliament on the Administration of the Export and Import Permits Act (the “2016 Annual Export Controls Report”)  The Report is required under Standing Order 32(2) and section 27 of the Export and Import Permits… Continue Reading

Buy American Executive Order

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border litigation, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

On April 18th, President Trump issued an Executive Order (“EO” or “Order”) focused on the Buy American  laws and regulations. See Buy American EO.  This EO directs federal government entities to review their procurement rules so that, to the extent legally permitted, preference is given to American made goods.  Section 2 specifically states: “[i]t shall… Continue Reading

In the Eye of the Beholder

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Exports, Government Procurement, Legal Developments, NAFTA, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

First published by the Journal of Commerce – April 2017 The first tangible indications of what trade policy might actually look like under the Trump Administration have been released. After excoriating NAFTA as the “worst trade deal ever” and quickly withdrawing the U.S. from the TransPacific Partnership, which was already dead, we are now starting… Continue Reading

Iran Sanctions – Tit for Tat?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Harmonization, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Politics, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization

On Sunday, March 26, 2017, the Iranian State Agency (IRNA) announced the imposition of sanctions by Iran on 15 American companies.  While the move is widely seen as Iran responding to recent and on-going enforcement action taken in the U.S., such action is certainly creating ever more complex circumstances in the region. In explaining the… Continue Reading

Canadian Senate Bill Takes Firm Position On Iran Sanctions And Could Add To Sanctions List

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canada’s Senate is currently considering Bill S-219 “An Act to deter Iran-sponsored terrorism, incitement to hatred, and human rights violations” (to be called “Non-Nuclear Sanctions Against Iran Act“) which has received little attention. Bill S-219 will, if passed into law, ensure that Canada has the most restrictive economic sanctions regime against Iran of all countries in the World…. Continue Reading

DOJ Defines Compliance

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

In the span of the last 18 months, the topic of corporate compliance programs has gotten considerable attention from the Department of Justice  (“DOJ”) and now finally, DOJ has published significant details about how it is likely to measure the sufficiency of any company’s compliance program. First, some background.  In September 2015, the Yates memo… Continue Reading

It Is Best To Sever Ties With Representatives Who Commit Export Controls Infractions

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

On February 9, 2017, Stewart Bell wrote an article for the Financial Post entitled “Canadian company investigating branch in Iraq after logo spotted in photos of missile test“. It is never good to see your company name in the news – let alone being associated with a missile test in a country subject to United… Continue Reading

Trump and Trade

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Buy America, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Elections, Government Procurement, Harmonization, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in February 2017 In the first two weeks of the new Trump Administration, all international traders want to talk about, and with good reason, is where does the new President really stand on trade? On the one hand, he has taken advantage of trading opportunities to generate profits… Continue Reading

What Is The Canadian Process For Voluntarily Disclosing An Export Controls/Economic Sanctions Mistake?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, AMPs, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Mistakes happen.  While the majority of Canadian companies want to comply with Canada’s export controls and economic sanctions laws, violations can occur.  Often when there is an economic sanctions violation, there is also an export controls violation at the same time.  Sometimes, there are export controls violations without an economic sanction violation. There are three procedures… Continue Reading

What Is On Your NAFTA Renegotiation Wish List?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Government Procurement, GST/HST, Immigration law, Intellectual Property, Labour, NAFTA, NAFTA Chapter 11, origin, Politics, Provincial Governments, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, U.S. Federal Government

President Trump has said that he wants to renegotiate NAFTA.  Rather than taking a negative view of change, ask yourself “What is on my NAFTA Renegotation Wish List?”.  What changes to NAFTA could benefit your business?  What improvements to NAFTA can save your business money?  What adjustments will improve your business’ supply chain?  What should… Continue Reading

NOT SO FAST!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Currency Reporting, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Politics, Tax, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Transportation

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce – November 2016 Fans of ESPN’s College Game Day© will recognize this tag line from the reaction of Lee Corso when he disagrees with others when panelists predict winners of selected college football games. If you prefer a different sports metaphor, there is Aaron Rodger’s 2014 now famous… Continue Reading

What Does The Election of President Trump Mean For Canada?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Elections, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Immigration law, NAFTA, Softwood Lumber, State Governments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

On November 8, 2016, Donald Trump was elected President of the United States.  What does this mean for Canadian businesses in terms of trade? President-elect Trump has said he is opposed to the TransPacific Partnership Agreement (“TPP”).  It is highly unlikely that TPP will be ratified.  Canada will have to negotiate strategic bilateral free trade… Continue Reading

It’s All About Compliance – Part 2 – Import Classification

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Corporate Counsel, Customs Law, tariff classification

This Alert is one in an occasional series of articles providing tips about various topics which come up routinely with import and export transactions.  These articles/tips are published with the intention to provide suggestions to aid international traders in their on-going efforts to get their declarations right the first time, and are based on situations… Continue Reading

Why Should You Know About Canada’s Export Controls and Economic Sanctions Laws?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

I am often asked why export controls and economic sanctions are important.  The simple answer is that if you export a controlled good or export goods to a sanctioned country, your company could become front page news.  If that should happen because your company manufactured and sold goods that are used to kill a Canadian… Continue Reading

What Is An Export Control List Item Number?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, tariff classification

An Export Control List Item Number (the “ECL Item Number”) is the Canadian identification or classification number that must be provided on export permit applications made under the Export and Import Permits Act and, if the good is subject to economic sanctions, requests for ministerial authorizations. All goods that are subject to Canada’s export controls… Continue Reading

ACE Allows For Stricter Customs Enforcement

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Law, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Originally Published by the Journal of Commerce in August 2016 In the face of its recent reorganization and enhanced computer system, it was really only a matter of time before the trade community started to see Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) better organize its enforcement efforts, and now the first tangible step has been publicly… Continue Reading

Russia vs Iran: Which Country Faces More Severe Canadian Economic Sanctions?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Controlled Goods Program, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canada imposes unilateral economic sanctions against both Russia and Iran pursuant to the Special Economic Measures (Russia) Regulations and Special Economic Measures (Iran) Regulations, respectively.  It was not long ago that Canadian export controls lawyers were saying that Canada imposed its most strict sanctions against Iran.  However, on February 5, 2016, Canada lifted some of… Continue Reading

Canada’s Export Controls Against Turkey: Are Rules About To Change?

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

Canadian businesses with export activities to Turkey should watch carefully to see if Canada’s export controls rules will change as a result of Canada’s concerns about the thousands of detentions and three month state of emergency in Turkey.  It is time to exercise due diligence and caution.  It is time to watch alertly for announcements… Continue Reading

6 Most Frequently Asked Questions About Canada’s Economic Sanctions Against Iran

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports

On February 5, 2016, Foreign Affairs Minister Dion announced that “Canada amends sanctions against Iran” and regulatory changes were implemented/promulgated. On February 5, 2016, the Export Controls Division of Global Affairs Canada issued Notice to Exporters No. 196 “Exports of items listed on the Export Control list to Iran”. On February 15, 2016, the Canada… Continue Reading

Canada Tables Arms Trade Treaty in Parliament and Starts Steps to Accede

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Controlled Goods Program, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Legal Developments

On June 30, 2016, Canada’s Global Affairs Minister Dion and International Trade Minister Freeland issued a joint Press Release that announced that the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty (“ATT”) was tabled in the House of Commons and that Canada planned to accede to the ATT.  Apparently, the ATT was tabled in the House of Commons… Continue Reading