Canada-U.S. Blog Trade Lawyers Cyndee Todgham Cherniak and Susan K. Ross

Monthly Archives: August 2017

Why The U.S. Should Want To Keep NAFTA Chapter 19: Canada’s FCA Significantly Limits Judicial Review in Trade Remedies Cases

Posted in Antidumping, Legal Developments, NAFTA Renegotiations, Trade Remedies

On August 29, 2017, Canada’s Federal Court of Appeal (the second highest court in Canada) issued two decisions dismissing two judicial reviews (one filed by a Korean exporter and the other filed by a Canadian producer) of Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) antidumping calculations on grounds of a lack of jurisdiction.  These cases and the… Continue Reading

Expect Softwood Lumber Breakthrough During NAFTA Modernization Round 3

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, NAFTA, NAFTA Renegotiations, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, U.S. Federal Government

Let’s set out the target date of importance: Round 3 of the NAFTA Modernization/Renegotiation meetings will take place in Ottawa, Canada between September 23-27, 2017. Round 1 took place in Washington D.C. between August 16-20, 2017 and Round 2 will take place in Mexico City between September 1-5 in Mexico City, Mexico. Under U.S. law, the… Continue Reading

Canada Does Not Impose Customs Duties On Most Manufacturing Inputs

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, NAFTA Renegotiations

There is some concern that U.S. President Trump will cancel NAFTA (because he has said he would terminate NAFTA if he does not get what he wants from Canada and Mexico during the NAFTA renegotiation meetings).  One of the concerns raised in the media is that Canada will impose customs duties on U.S.-origin manufacturing inputs,… Continue Reading

What Should Canadian Companies Due Between NAFTA Modernization Rounds?

Posted in Agriculture, Antidumping, Border Security, Buy America, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Government Procurement, Immigration law, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, International Arbitrations, NAFTA, NAFTA Chapter 11, NAFTA Renegotiations, Politics, Softwood Lumber, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

In the week of August 16, 2017, Canada’s NAFTA modernization team met in Washington D.C. with the United States Trade Representative’s NAFTA renegotiation team and Mexico’s NAFTA modernization team. At the end of the meeting, they issued a Trilateral Statement on the Conclusion of NAFTA Round One and indicated that Round Two will be held in… Continue Reading

What Are the CBSA’s Customs Verification Priorities for H2 2017?

Posted in Customs Law, origin, tariff classification, valuation

In July, 2017, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) released “Tariff Compliance Verifications – July 2017”.  What are “Tariff Compliance Verifications”? Tariff compliance verifications are CBSA customs audits during which the CBSA ensures that importers are using the proper tariff classification (HS Code) numbers when completing import documentation. If you are making mistakes, the CBSA… Continue Reading

Canada Initiates New Antidumping/Subsidy Case Against PET Resin from China, Oman, India and Pakistan

Posted in Antidumping, Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Trade Remedies

On August 18, 2017, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) issued a Notice of Initiation stating that it has initiated both an antidumping investigation and a subsidy investigation against PET Resin from China, India, Oman and Pakistan. The subject goods are defined as follows: “Polyethylene terephthalate (“PET”) resin having an intrinsic viscosity of at least… Continue Reading

U.S. Demand For Local Content Rules of Origin for Autos May Be Contrary to GATT 1994 Article XXIV

Posted in NAFTA Renegotiations, World Trade Organization

Article XXIV of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (“GATT 1994”) (and the Understanding on the Interpretation of GATT Article XXIV of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994) may prevent some of the U.S. demands made at the start of the NAFTA modernization/renegotiation talks this week.  Article XXIV of GATT 1994… Continue Reading

The Canada Border Services Agency Has Authority To Seize Hate Propaganda

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Customs Law, tariff classification

The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) is the gatekeeper and hate propaganda is a prohibited importation under item 9899.00.00.00 of the Customs Tariff (Canada).  Don’t bring hate propaganda to Canada and do not send hate propaganda to Canada and don’t attempt to import hate propaganda into Canada – unless you would like the CBSA to… Continue Reading

Can the CBSA Search My Electronic Devices?

Posted in Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law

We are often contacted by travelers after they have been selected (random or mandatory) for a secondary examination by the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) upon arrival at the Canadian border. Usually, the traveler had something on a laptop computer or smart phone that they did not want the CBSA to see or use against them… Continue Reading

The CBSA Should Respect Solicitor-Client Privilege At The Canadian Border

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Customs Law

The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) does have an internal policy with respect to examinations and searches of lawyers who are crossing the border into Canada.  This internal policy (Operational Bulletin PRG-2014-07 “Examination of Solicitor-Client Privileged Materials”) is not publicly available on the CBSA web-site, so we posted it.  It is available through Access to… Continue Reading

Canada Releases List of NAFTA Modernization “Core Objectives”

Posted in NAFTA Chapter 11, NAFTA Renegotiations

On August 14, 2017, Canada’s Foreign Affairs Minister, Chrystia Freeland delivered Canada’s list of NAFTA Modernization (note, not “renegotiation”) “core objectives”.  Minister Freeland stresses that Canada’s mission is a modern and progressive free trade agreement.  She stressed that “Trade is about people” and jobs in Canada and Canada’s NAFTA partners.  Canada’s approach will be to… Continue Reading

What is in a Name?

Posted in Border Security, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, Government Procurement, Imports Restrictions, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies, Uncategorized

Originally published by the Journal of Commerce in August 2017. We are now a few months (almost 7) into Mr. Trump’s Presidency and it is still not clear  – what is the Administration’s trade policy?   The general press is rife with stories about the warring factions within the Administration – those who xenophobically want to… Continue Reading

Gamblers Are Often Stopped By The CBSA Who Ask Questions If Winnings Are Proceeds Of Crime

Posted in NEXUS, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

If you are a Canadian citizen or Canadian resident and have been lucky in Las Vegas, Atlantic City, Paradise Island, Macau or other gambling destinations, be prepared to be asked questions by the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) when you return to Canada with your winnings. The CBSA sees a large amount of money and… Continue Reading

Do You Know The Canadian Marking And Labelling Rules For Importing Textile Products Into Canada?

Posted in Canada's Federal Government, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, origin

There are several pieces of Canadian legislation that prescribe marking and labelling requirements for textile products that are imported into Canada.  While it is difficult to provide specific requirements without detailed information about the product, and certain exemptions may be available, the manufacturer, importer, target market, etc, the following marking/labelling requirements may apply: 1) Country… Continue Reading

Canada-EU CETA Will Eliminate Duties On Medical Devices

Posted in Canada-EU CETA

Let the sales begin!  On September 21, 2017, the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (“Canada-EU CETA”) will come into provisional effect.  The tariff elimination and tariff reductions commitments will come into effect, including the duty-free treatment for medical devices.  Canada has advanced medical device technology, as does the EU. This means that, starting… Continue Reading

Exporters May Be Required To Complete An Export Declaration Even If The Goods Do Not Require An Export Permit

Posted in Border Security, Exports

Many Canadian companies do not know that exporters (or their freight forwarder) must complete an export declaration (Form B 13A) for any export of goods and/or technology to any country (except the United States & Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands) valued over  at $CDN 2000 or more (subject to regulated exceptions).  The B… Continue Reading

Trading with China – New Reasons To Be Wary!

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, Agriculture, Anti-Trust/Competition Law, Antidumping, Controlled Goods Program, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Energy, Environment, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Imports Restrictions, Intellectual Property, Labour, Legal Developments, Trade Agreeements, Trade Remedies

Yesterday, August 2, 2017, President Trump signed into law H.R. 3364, the “Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act”.  The general press is covering this story by writing about Russia’s initial retaliation taking the form of cutting the staff authorized at the U.S. embassy in Moscow and the seizure of certain U.S. diplomatic property within Russia. … Continue Reading

August Civic Holiday: Survival Guide For Canada-US Cross Border Travel

Posted in Agriculture, Border Security, Customs Law, GST/HST, Immigration law, NEXUS, Personal Comments, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

The August Civic Holiday long week-end will be here soon.  Canadians travel outside Canada to visit friends and family and to shop.  The Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) is on the lookout for contraventions of the Customs Act and other border laws. Here is our survival guide to make sure the CBSA is happy with your declaration and… Continue Reading

How To Start A Trade Compliance Program? Who, What, When, Where, How Questions To Ask

Posted in Aerospace & Defence, AMPs, Border Security, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Canada-Ukraine FTA, Corporate Counsel, Cross-border trade, Currency Reporting, Customs Law, Export Controls & Economic Sanctions, Exports, FCPA/Anti-Corruption, Government Procurement, NAFTA Renegotiations, Proceeds of Crime/Money Laundering

The trade landscape is changing for many Canadian companies. Canada is involved in the renegotiation of NAFTA.  The Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement comes into effect on August 1, 2017.  The Canada-EU CETA enters into provisional effect on September 21, 2017.  The Government of Canada is updating export controls and economic sanctions laws and Global Affairs… Continue Reading

Canada Announces Canada-EU CETA Cheese Quota Rules

Posted in Agriculture, Canada's Federal Government, Canada-EU CETA, Cross-border deals, Cross-border trade, Customs Law, Imports Restrictions, origin

Retailers, distributors, restaurants, domestic producers and others have been anxiously awaiting the Government of Canada’s announcement on the process for Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (“Canada-EU CETA”) cheese quota.  The Canada-EU CETA was originally to be provisionally implemented on July 1, 2017 and this start date was delayed due to a disagreement over… Continue Reading

The Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement Is Now In Effect: What Questions Should Importers/Exporters Ask?

Posted in Uncategorized

On August 1, 2017, the Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement (“CUFTA”) enters into effect. The CUFTA is a trade in goods agreement (that is, it does not cover services and investment). Canada has agreed to reduce most customs duty rates to “free” or 0% immediately upon implementation on goods that meet the rules of origin.  Pursuant to Chapter 2… Continue Reading